“Turkomstaris, in View of Its Inactivity, Due to Lack of Funds Will Be Destroyed....”: to the History of the Formation of Scientific and Cultural Policy in Soviet Central Asia in the First Half of the 1920s

 
PIIS207987840029072-8-1
DOI10.18254/S207987840029072-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA
Edition
Abstract

After the October coup d’êtat of 1917, formation new authorities began, which were supposed to develop and implement the policy of the new power in the field of science and culture. On the territory of the former Russian Turkestan (Turkestan ASSR as part of the RSFSR), this process was complicated by the fact that the new policy had to meet the expectations of the local Muslim population, respectively, the measures taken had to guarantee its loyalty. Not least in the development of policy in the field of science and culture, in particular, in the field of restoration of historical and cultural monuments, is to be pointed out, that the world scientific community followed their fate. The scientific community represented by the Permanent Turkestan Commission of the Russian Academy of the History of Material Culture (PTC RAIMK) under the directorship of Academician V. V. Bartold claimed a leading role in determining the directions of scientific and cultural policy in Soviet Central Asia. The struggle for influence on the Turkestan institutions responsible for policy in the field of science and culture, in particular, for the restoration of architectural monuments, primarily Turkkomstaris, which functioned under the People’s Commissariat for education of the TASSR and had its own branches, ended in failure for representatives of the scientific environment. The PTC RAIMK was disbanded, the decisive word always remained said by the central authorities, which, lacking professional competencies, were guided solely by political considerations in the development of scientific and cultural policies in Central Asia. The model of scientific and cultural policy in Central Asia developed by the mid-1920s, was generally characteristic for the periods of large-scale reforms throughout the country: science remained subordinate to state authorities and did not have decisive powers.

Keywordsscientific policy, Turkestan, Central Asia, Turkkomstaris, Permanent Turkestan Commission, Restoration, Monuments of Architecture, V. V. Barthold, D. I. Nechkin
Received08.08.2023
Publication date14.12.2023
Number of characters51260
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 122

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Akramov N. M. Vydayuschijsya russkij vostokoved V. V. Bartol'd. Nauchno-biograficheskij ocherk. Dushanbe: Tipografiya izdatel'stva AN Tadzhikskoj SSR, 1963.

2. Anan'ev V. G. Okhrana musul'manskikh pamyatnikov (Akademik V. V. Bartol'd i Institut istorii iskusstv v 1917 g.) // Gasyrlar Avazy — Ehkho vekov. 2016. № 3—4. S. 283—288.

3. Anan'ev V. G., Bukharin M. D. «Imena, kotorye nikogda ne budut zabyty…». Rossijskoe vostokovedenie v perepiske V. V. Bartol'da, N. Ya. Marra i S. F. Ol'denburga. M.: Varfolomeev A. D., 2020.

4. Bartol'd V. V. Otchet o komandirovke v Turtsiyu // Izvestiya Akademii nauk. 1926. Seriya VI. T. KhKh. S. 1832—1834.

5. Bukharin M. D., Tunkina I. V. Postoyannaya Turkestanskaya komissiya RAIMK: pervyj protokol zasedaniya 8 yanvarya 1921 g. // Ocherki istorii otechestvennoj arkheologii. Vyp. V. M.: IA RAN, 2019. S. 87—102.

6. Gorshenina S. M. Turkomstaris — Sredazkomstaris — Uzkomstaris: formirovanie institutsij i ehtnotsentricheskij razdel kul'turnogo naslediya Srednej Azii // Ehtnograficheskoe obozrenie. 2013. № 1. S. 52—68.

7. Gulyamov Ya., Rakhmatullaev Yu. Leninskaya zabota ob okhrane pamyatnikov zodchestva v Uzbekistane // Obschestvennye nauki v Uzbekistane. 1972. № 11—12. S. 59—65.

8. Isakova M. S. D. I. Nechkin i stanovlenie gosudarstvennoj arkhivnoj sluzhby Uzbekistana (1919—1923 gg.) // Otechestvennye arkhivy. 2009. № 6. S. 8—14.

9. Kary-Niyazov T. N. Pobeda kul'turnoj revolyutsii i dal'nejshee razvitie kul'tury Uzbekskoj SSR (1917—1957 gg.) // Istoriya Uzbekskoj SSR. T. II. Tashkent: Izdatel'stvo Akademii nauk Uzbekskoj SSR, 1957.

10. Lunin B. V. Zhizn' i deyatel'nost' akademika V. V. Bartol'da. Srednyaya Aziya v otechestvennom vostokovedenii. Tashkent: Izdatel'stvo «Fan» Uzbekskoj SSR, 1981. Pervoe zasedanie Postoyannoj Turkestanskoj komissii 8 yanvarya 1921 g. // Vostochnyj Turkestan i Mongoliya. Istoriya izucheniya v kontse XIX v. — pervoj treti XX v. T. IV. Materialy Russkikh Turkestanskikh ehkspeditsij 1909—1910 gg. i 1914—1915 gg. akademika S. F. Ol'denburga / red. Bukharin M. D., Myasnikov V. S., Tunkina I. V. M.: «Indrik», 2020. S. 595—602.

11. Tumanovich N. N. Opisanie arkhiva akademika V. V. Bartol'da // Annotirovannaya bibliografiya trudov V. V. Bartol'da / Umnyakov I. I. M.: Glavnaya redaktsiya vostochnoj literatury, 1976.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up