Aggravation of the Colonial Struggle in the Pacific Ocean in 1760—1770s

 
PIIS207987840028746-9-1
DOI10.18254/S207987840028746-9
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation:
Institute of World History RAS
Moscow State Linguistic University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation:
Kemerovo State University
Institute of World History RAS

Address: Russian Federation, Kemerovo; Moscow
Affiliation: Institute of World History of the RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA
Edition
Abstract

The article is devoted to the struggle for colonies in the North Pacific in the context of the interaction between Russia, Great Britain and Spain in the second half of the 18th century, with an emphasis on the voyage of J. Cook to the coast of Alaska. The activity of Russia and the Western European powers related to the intensification of efforts in the northern part of the Pacific Ocean is considered. The article notes that the region studied by us has long attracted the attention of European countries. The factors that contributed to the development of the North-West of America are revealed. The authors show that it was a very complex and multifaceted process, in which various levels of state power, up to the emperors, participated. The importance of the initiative of private commercial companies in the colonization of territories is noted. The authors of the article draw attention to the fact that the expansion of the Spanish Empire became possible due to Madrid’s fears about the strengthening of Russia in the North Pacific. In turn, Great Britain carried out active intelligence activities, which resulted in a phase of military conflict at the end of the 18th century. On the basis of Russian and foreign documents introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, the authors of the article try to show the validity of the fears of the Madrid court regarding Russian colonization, as well as the ambitions of London in this region. Promotion of Russia to the northwest of America was due to economic and political reasons. The access to the Pacific Ocean of Russian private structures was caused by the desire to collect yasak from the indigenous peoples, as well as to obtain furs, which were highly valued in world markets. The article notes the changes in the position of Great Britain, Spain and Russia in relation to the colonies in the 18th century. It is concluded that, in general, the policy of Spain and Great Britain was aimed at curbing the Russian advance in the Pacific Ocean. Russian-Anglo-Spanish relations in the Northwest Pacific at the end of the 17th century and the first half of the 18th century made a significant contribution to the subsequent active colonization of the North Pacific. The article was written using an interdisciplinary approach based on a wide range of sources from domestic and foreign archives.

Keywordscolonies, North Pacific, Russia, Spain, Great Britain
AcknowledgmentThe article was prepared at the expense of the Russian Science Foundation grant No. 22-18-00043 (https://rscf.ru/project/22-18-00043/) at the Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Received25.04.2023
Publication date20.11.2023
Number of characters45117
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 5, views: 99

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Al'perovich M. S. Rossiya i Novyj Svet (poslednyaya tret' XVIII v.). M.: Nauka, 1993.

2. Glushankov I. V. Sekretnaya ehkspeditsiya. Magadan: Magadanskoe Knizhnoe Izdatel'stvo, 1972.

3. Donesenie ispanskogo poslannika v Rossii grafa Lasi..., 11 (22) oktyabrya 1772 g. // Rossiya i Ispaniya na severo-zapade Ameriki vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. (po materialam ispanskikh arkhivov). Monografiya v dokumentakh. Ryazan': Izdatel'stvo Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2020. S. 83—85.

4. Doneseniya de Lasi gosudarstvennomu sekretaryu pravitel'stva Ispanii de Grimal'di ot fevralya i 8 (19) marta 1773 g. // Rossiya i Ispaniya na severo-zapade Ameriki vo vtoroj polovine XVIII veka (po materialam ispanskikh arkhivov). Monografiya v dokumentakh. Ryazan': Izdatel'stvo Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2020. S. 85—90; 94.

5. Iz instruktsii M. K. Bema nachal'niku ehkspeditsii na dal'nie Kuril'skie ostrova I. M. Antipinu o podgotovke i zadachakh plavaniya, 8 iyunya 1775 g. // Russkie ehkspeditsii po izucheniyu severnoj chasti Tikhogo okeana vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. Sbornik dokumentov. M.: Nauka, 1989. S. 145—154.

6. Instruktsiya Admiraltejstv-kollegii kapitanu 2-go ranga P. K. Krenitsynu, 26 iyunya 1764 g. // Rossiya i Ispaniya na severo-zapade Ameriki vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. (po materialam ispanskikh arkhivov). Monografiya v dokumentakh. Ryazan': Izdatel'stvo Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2020. S. 78—83.

7. Instruktsiya Karla III polnomochnomu poslanniku Ispanii v Rossii Fransisko Antoniyu de Lasi, avgust 1772 g. // Rossiya i Ispaniya. Dokumenty i materialy 1667—1917. T. 1. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 1991. S. 216—221.

8. Istoriya Russkoj Ameriki (1732—1867 gg.): v 3-kh tt. T. 1. Osnovanie Russkoj Ameriki (1732—1799 gg.) / otv. red. Bolkhovitinov N. N. M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 1997.

9. Kopelev D. “Iron Sailor”: Captain James Cook on the Background of the Era // ISTORIYA. 2020. Vol. 11. Is. 10 (96). URL: https://history.jes.su/s207987840012507-6-1/ DOI: 10.18254/S207987840012507-6

10. Kuk Dzh. Pervoe krugosvetnoe plavanie kapitana Dzhemsa Kuka. Plavanie na «Indevore» v 1768—1771 gg. / per. A. Shalygina A.; vstup. stat'ya, komment., red. Svet Ya. M.: Geografgiz, 1960.

11. Kuk Dzh. Puteshestvie v Severnyj Tikhij okean po poveleniyu korolya Georgiya III predprinyatoe dlya opredeleniya polozheniya zapadnykh beregov Severnoj Ameriki, rasstoyaniya onoj ot Azii i vozmozhnosti severnogo prokhoda iz Tikhogo v Atlanticheskij okean, pod nachal'stvom kapitanov Kuka, Klerka i Gora, na sudakh Rezolyutsii i Diskoveri, v prodolzhenie 1776 g., 1777 g., 1778 g., 1779 g. i 1780 g. S anglijskogo na rossijskij yazyk po vysochajshemu poveleniyu prelozhil g. L. Golenischev-Kutuzov. SPb.: Tipografiya I. Glazunova, 1805—1810. Ch. 1—2.

12. Kuk Dzh. Puteshestvie k Yuzhnomu polyusu i vokrug sveta. M.: Gosudarstvennoe Izdatel'stvo geograficheskoj literatury, 1948.

13. Maklin A. Kapitan Kuk. Perevod s anglijskogo. M.: Nauka, 1976.

14. «Mental'noe gosudarstvo» Petra Velikogo i regiony v pervoj chetverti XVIII v.: materialy i issledovaniya po istorii mestnogo upravleniya v Rossii / red. Redin D. A. Ekaterinburg: Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo Universiteta, 2022.

15. Pis'mo vitse-korolya Novoj Ispanii markiza A. M. Bukareli ministru voenno-morskogo flota i po delam Indij Khulianu de Arriaga, 26 noyabrya (7 dekabrya) 1773 g. // Rossiya i Ispaniya na severo-zapade Ameriki vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. (po materialam ispanskikh arkhivov). Monografiya v dokumentakh. Ryazan': Izdatel'stvo Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2020. S. 100—103.

16. Pis'mo vitse-korolya Novoj Ispanii markiza A. M. de Bureli ministru voenno-morskogo flota i po delam Indij Khulianu de Arriaga, 27 iyulya (7 avgusta) 1773 g. // Rossiya i Ispaniya na severo-zapade Ameriki vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. (po materialam ispanskikh arkhivov). Monografiya v dokumentakh. Ryazan': Izdatel'stvo Ryazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2020. S. 97—100.

17. Polevoj B. P. Pervootkryvateli Kuril'skikh ostrovov. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk: Dal'nevostochnoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo: Sakhalinskoe otdelenie, 1982.

18. Poslednee puteshestvie okolo sveta kapitana Kuka, slavnogo nyneshnego veka morekhodtsa, s obstoyatel'stvami o ego smerti i s priobscheniem kratkogo opisanie ego zhizni. SPb.: Tipografiya Vil'kovskogo i Galchenkova, 1786.

19. Raport V. I. Shmaleva A. A. Vyazemskomu, 1 noyabrya 1779 g. // Russkie ehkspeditsii po izucheniyu severnoj chasti Tikhogo okeana vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. Sbornik dokumentov. M.: Nauka, 1989. S. 186—188.

20. Raport glavnogo komandira Kamchatki kapitana V. I. Shmaleva A. A. Vyazemskomu, 5 maya 1779 g. // Russkie ehkspeditsii po izucheniyu severnoj chasti Tikhogo okeana vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. Sbornik dokumentov. M.: Nauka, 1989. S. 183—186.

21. Raport shturmanskogo uchenika G. G. Izmajlova v kontoru nad Petropavlovskim portom, 20 aprelya 1779 g. // Russkie ehkspeditsii po izucheniyu severnoj chasti Tikhogo okeana vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. Sbornik dokumentov. M.: Nauka, 1989. S. 181—182.

22. Relyatsiya sibirskogo general-gubernatora Ekaterine II, 11 fevralya 1864 g. // Russkie ehkspeditsii po izucheniyu severnoj chasti Tikhogo okeana vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. Sbornik dokumentov. M.: Nauka, 1989. S. 74—76.

23. Svet Ya. M. Dzhems Kuk. M., 1979.

24. Ukaz Bol'sheretskoj kantselyarii kuptsam g. I. Shelikhovu i P. S. Lebedevu-Lastochkinu, 3 marta 1775 g. // Russkie ehkspeditsii po izucheniyu severnoj chasti Tikhogo okeana vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. Sbornik dokumentov. M.: Nauka, 1989. S. 143—145.

25. Ukaz Ekateriny II Admiraltejstv-kollegii, 4 maya 1764 g. // Russkie ehkspeditsii po izucheniyu severnoj chasti Tikhogo okeana vo vtoroj polovine XVIII v. Sbornik dokumentov. M.: Nauka, 1989. S. 76.

26. Bauman W. Theology, creation, and environmental ethics: from Creatio Ex Nihilo to Terra Nullius. N. Y.: Routledge, 2009.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up