The Greek Catholic Church during the German Occupation of Western Ukraine (1941—1944): Relations with the Occupation Authorities and the Main Areas of Activity

 
PIIS207987840021881-8-1
DOI10.18254/S207987840021881-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation: MGIMO University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA
Edition
Abstract

The article considers the position and activities of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) under the German occupation. The authors analyzed the documents by Greek Catholics, German and Soviet authorities, and tried to understand the circumstances of the relationship between the UGCC hierarchy and the occupation regime. The transformation of the position of the Greek Catholics towards the German occupation authorities was studied. The work also highlights the social and socio-political activity of the Greek Catholic clergy in Galicia during this period, church activities to support those in need. In addition, we analyzed the connection of the UGCC with the Ukrainian nationalist movement - the church, on the one hand, supported the idea of independence, on the other, condemned terror. Finally, in the article we examined how, under the conditions of the German occupation, the UGCC tried to expand the union to the East, with the support of the Vatican.

KeywordsGreek Catholic Church, Uniates, Metropolitan Andrew Sheptytsky, German occupation of Ukraine, Vatican foreign policy
Received07.08.2022
Publication date31.08.2022
Number of characters46235
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