The Attempt to Reform the CMEA in 1962—1963 in the Assessments of French Diplomats. According to the Materials of the Archive of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Publication type Article
Status Published
Institute of World History RAS
State Academic University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA

Based on materials from the archives of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the majority of which have not been put into scientific circulation in Russian or foreign historiography, the article presents the view of French diplomats and experts on an attempt to reform the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance in 1962—1963. The reform was to lead to the beginning of genuine economic integration in Eastern Europe. However, nationalistic and autarkic tendencies in some countries, primarily in Romania, led to the rejection of reforms in this period. Instead of developing the specialization of production, moving to unified planning and creating supranational bodies in the future, co-operation within the CMEA framework has taken the path of developing existing forms of cooperation, focusing on the development of bilateral trade between the countries of Eastern Europe. After the refusal to reform CMEA, the French began to write less and less about the prospects for genuine integration and ceased to perceive CMEA as a real competitor for the European Economic Community. As a result, the French authorities in the mid-1960s they counted on the development of bilateral cooperation with the CMEA countries, primarily the USSR and Romania, which contributed to the beginning of the détente.


KeywordsCMEA, France, Romania, USSR, integration, world socialism system, European Economic Community, Khrushchev
Publication date16.09.2019
Number of characters37803
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 702

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Gladysheva A. S. Sovetskie plany ehkonomicheskoj integratsii v ramkakh SEhV i pozitsiya rumynskogo rukovodstva (seredina 1950-kh — seredina 1960-kh gg.) // Ehlektronnyj nauchno-obrazovatel'nyj zhurnal «Istoriya». 2015.Vypusk 11 (44). URL:

2. Lipkin M. A. Sovetskij Soyuz i evropejskaya integratsiya: seredina 1940-kh — seredina 1960-kh. M., 2011.

3. Lipkin M. A. «Mirovoj kooperativ narodov»: Sovet ehkonomicheskoj vzaimopomoschi, kotoryj pytalsya postroit' N. S. Khruschev // Novyj istoricheskij vestnik. 2017. № 4 (54). S. 121—144.

4. Osipov E. A. SEhV v 1956—1960 gg. Vzglyad iz Frantsii. Po materialam arkhiva MID Frantsii // Ehlektronnyj nauchno-obrazovatel'nyj zhurnal «Istoriya». 2018. Vypusk 7 (71). URL:

5. Osipov E. A. Razvitie otnoshenij mezhdu Frantsiej i KNR v kontekste razryadki (1964—1974) // Voprosy istorii. 2016. № 9. S. 110—120.

6. Osipov E. A. Ustanovlenie diplomaticheskikh otnoshenij mezhdu Frantsiej i Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respublikoj v 1964 g. Po materialam arkhiva MID Frantsii // Honoris Causa. Sbornik nauchnykh statej, posvyaschennyj 70-letiyu professora Viktora Vladimirovicha Sergeeva. SPb., 2016. S. 186—192.

7. Osnovnye printsipy mezhdunarodnogo sotsialisticheskogo razdeleniya truda. M., 1964.

8. Khruschev N. S. Razvitie ehkonomiki SSSR i partijnoe rukovodstvo narodnym khozyajstvom. Doklad na Plenume TsK KPSS 19 noyabrya 1962 g. M., 1962.

Система Orphus