Trust in the law during the digital transformation

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Chief Researcher, Acting Head of the Information Law and International Information Security sector, Institute of State and Law Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Chief researcher of the Information Law and International Information Security Sector, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences; chief researcher of the Laboratory of Applied Informatics and Problems of Society Informatization of the
Institute of the State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences
St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, St. Petersburg
Occupation: Head of the Department of Information Law and Digital Technologies of Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL); chief researcher, Information Law and International Information Security Sector, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Science
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)
Institute of the State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameGosudarstvo i pravo
EditionIssue 11

This article raises the problem of society’s and individuals’ trust in the law during the digital transformation. It identifies factors that in many ways lead to decreased trust in the law. These factors include geopolitical crises and the changes the world experienced during the pandemic, as well as processes of poorer quality rulemaking, public administration, legal drafting and enforcement. It also identifies reasons why the law lags behind the realities of widespread use of new digital technologies in the XXI century, in which the number of gaps in the legal regulation system becomes critical for jurisprudence, legal theory, society and the state.

It has been found that increasing information pressure on the individual and the individual’s openness and defenselessness to information flows, as well as stress and the infodemic, particularly during a pandemic and geopolitical crisis, destroy the ability to shape critical thinking. Due to overload, they deprive people of skills for effectively learning something new and developing creatively. Also, the more time the individual spends in the information space, subjected to powerful targeting technologies, the less right he or she has to choose. This is particularly the case now as the world is dominated by a couple dozen global digital platforms that provide people and small and medium business with an ever-expanding range of services, which means they no longer have the economic ability to choose other, alternative solutions.

The changes that have occurred in the system of people being forced to work remotely, “regulatory administration”, the use of people’s fear and confusion, have questioned the authority of the law. The article concludes that identifying information law’s place in Russia and the modern world, including issues of the need to systematize information legislation for the country and society at a time when digital data are becoming the basis for a growing number of social interactions, seems to be one of the important processes to boost trust in the law as a social regulator. The article raises issues of the legal regulation of the circulation of big data, the Internet of things, artificial intelligence and other digital technologies.

It analyzes a number of legal issues, including the generation of consistent hierarchical legal terminology for the Internet of things and a common vision of the system of IoT legal issues requiring new or modified solutions in light of industry specifics and the current state of the regulatory framework.

At the current stage of humanity’s development, the “right to reject the use of digital technologies” could be a rational tool to strike a balance between individuals’ rights and the public interest. Therefore, it will be important for achieving the goals of information law to create a system that protects the rights of those who are unable, unwilling or afraid to use new sophisticated technological solutions such as various cutting-edge digital technologies, including artificial intelligence technologies.

Keywordstrust in the law, big data, artificial intelligence, robotics, legal regulation, digital technologies, digital transformation, digital economy, development models
AcknowledgmentThis article was written as part of the state task on the topic “Legal regulation of the digital economy, artificial intelligence and information security”.
Publication date29.11.2022
Number of characters38334
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 268

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Архипов В.В., Брагинец А.Ю., Грачева А.В., Наумов В.Б. На пути к юридическому определению искусственного интеллекта // Информационное право. 2021. № 4. С. 24.

2. Архипов В.В., Наумов В.Б. Искусственный интеллект и автономные устройства в контексте права: о разработке первого в России закона о робототехнике // Труды СПИИРАН. 2017. № 6 (55). С. 54.

3. Архипов В.В., Наумов В.Б., Пчелинцев Г.А., Чирко Я.А. Открытая концепция регулирования интернета вещей // Информационное право. 2016. № 2. С. 18–25.

4. Ахобекова Р.А., Загородная А.А., Наумов В.Б. Проблемы правового регулирования трехмерной печати // Закон. 2017. № 4. С. 90 - 102.

5. Наумов В.Б. Задача обеспечения тайны идентификации в информационном праве // Мониторинг правоприменения. 2019. № 3. С. 70–75.

6. Наумов В.Б. Институт идентификации в информационном праве: автореф. дис. ... д-ра юрид. наук. М., 2020. С. 18.

7. Наумов В.Б. Организационно-правовой анализ развития коммерческих цифровых систем идентификации // Ленинградский юрид. журнал. 2020. № 1(59). С. 61.

8. Наумов В.Б. Отказ от цифровых технологий: абсурд или новое право человека и гражданина // Четвертые Бачиловские чтения: материалы Междунар. науч.-практ. конф. / отв. ред. Т.А. Полякова, А.В. Минбалеев, В.Б. Наумов. М., 2022. C. 83.

9. Наумов В.Б., Архипов В.В., Пчелинцев Г.А. и др. Открытая концепция «Интернет вещей: правовые аспекты (Российская Федерация)». Версия 2.0. Для публичного обсуждения // Право и информация: вопросы теории и практики: сб. тр. Междунар. науч.-практ. конф. Сер. «Электронное законодательство». Сборники Президентской библиотеки / науч. ред. Н.А. Шевелёва. 2019. С. 162–194.

10. Наумов В.Б., Незнамов А.В. Модельная конвенция о робототехнике и искусственном интеллекте. Правила создания и использования роботов и искусственного интеллекта // Право и информация: вопросы теории и практики: сб. тр. VII Междунар. науч.-практ. конф. Сер. «Электронное законодательство» / науч. ред. Н.А. Шевелёва. 2017. С. 210–220.

11. Наумов В.Б., Тытюк Е.В. К вопросу о правовом статусе «творчества» искусственного интеллекта // Правоведение. 2018. Т. 62. № 3. С. 531 - 540.

12. Полякова Т.А., Минбалеев А.В., Кроткова Н.В. Основные тенденции и проблемы развития науки информационного права // Государство и право. 2022. № 9. С. 94 - 104. DOI: 10.31857/S102694520022203-4

13. Полякова Т. А., Троян Н. А. Формирование научно-правовых подходов к развитию системы применения цифровых технологий в нормотворчестве // Правовая политика и правовая жизнь. 2022. № 1. С. 43 - 58.

14. Правовые и этические аспекты, связанные с разработкой и применением систем искусственного интеллекта и робототехники: история, современное состояние и перспективы развития / В.В. Архипов, Г.Г. Камалова, В.Б. Наумов и др. СПб., 2020.

15. Савельев А.И. Проблемы применения законодательства о персональных данных в эпоху «Больших данных» (Big Data) // Право. Журнал ВШЭ. 2015. № 1. С. 54–61.

16. Arkhipov V.V., Gracheva A.V., Naumov V.B. et al. Definition of artificial intelligence in the context of the Russian legal system: a critical approach // State and Law. 2022. No. 1. P. 168–178.

17. Kotov A., Naumov V. E-Governance and Privacy in Pandemic Times // Yang XS., Sherratt S., Dey N., Joshi A. (eds) Proceedings of Sixth International Congress on Information and Communication Technology. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems. Vol. 236. 2021. Springer, Singapore. P. 971 - 981. URL:

Система Orphus