Trust in the law during the digital transformation

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Chief Researcher, Acting Head of the Information Law and International Information Security sector, Institute of State and Law Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Chief researcher of the Information Law and International Information Security Sector, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences; chief researcher of the Laboratory of Applied Informatics and Problems of Society Informatization of the
Institute of the State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences
St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, St. Petersburg
Occupation: Head of the Department of Information Law and Digital Technologies of Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL); chief researcher, Information Law and International Information Security Sector, Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Science
Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL)
Institute of the State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameGosudarstvo i pravo
EditionIssue 11

This article raises the problem of society’s and individuals’ trust in the law during the digital transformation. It identifies factors that in many ways lead to decreased trust in the law. These factors include geopolitical crises and the changes the world experienced during the pandemic, as well as processes of poorer quality rulemaking, public administration, legal drafting and enforcement. It also identifies reasons why the law lags behind the realities of widespread use of new digital technologies in the XXI century, in which the number of gaps in the legal regulation system becomes critical for jurisprudence, legal theory, society and the state.

It has been found that increasing information pressure on the individual and the individual’s openness and defenselessness to information flows, as well as stress and the infodemic, particularly during a pandemic and geopolitical crisis, destroy the ability to shape critical thinking. Due to overload, they deprive people of skills for effectively learning something new and developing creatively. Also, the more time the individual spends in the information space, subjected to powerful targeting technologies, the less right he or she has to choose. This is particularly the case now as the world is dominated by a couple dozen global digital platforms that provide people and small and medium business with an ever-expanding range of services, which means they no longer have the economic ability to choose other, alternative solutions.

The changes that have occurred in the system of people being forced to work remotely, “regulatory administration”, the use of people’s fear and confusion, have questioned the authority of the law. The article concludes that identifying information law’s place in Russia and the modern world, including issues of the need to systematize information legislation for the country and society at a time when digital data are becoming the basis for a growing number of social interactions, seems to be one of the important processes to boost trust in the law as a social regulator. The article raises issues of the legal regulation of the circulation of big data, the Internet of things, artificial intelligence and other digital technologies.

It analyzes a number of legal issues, including the generation of consistent hierarchical legal terminology for the Internet of things and a common vision of the system of IoT legal issues requiring new or modified solutions in light of industry specifics and the current state of the regulatory framework.

At the current stage of humanity’s development, the “right to reject the use of digital technologies” could be a rational tool to strike a balance between individuals’ rights and the public interest. Therefore, it will be important for achieving the goals of information law to create a system that protects the rights of those who are unable, unwilling or afraid to use new sophisticated technological solutions such as various cutting-edge digital technologies, including artificial intelligence technologies.

Keywordstrust in the law, big data, artificial intelligence, robotics, legal regulation, digital technologies, digital transformation, digital economy, development models
AcknowledgmentThis article was written as part of the state task on the topic “Legal regulation of the digital economy, artificial intelligence and information security”.
Publication date29.11.2022
Number of characters38334
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