From the Universal Declaration on the human genome to the international legal regulation of genomic research and technology: idea and reality

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Chief Researcher
Affiliation: Institute of State and Law Research, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameGosudarstvo i pravo
EditionIssue 7

The modern society headlong transition to the genomics era is accompanied by a dangerous lagging the genomic research and technology socio-normative regulation from the progress of genetic engineering, which carries not only colossal opportunities for the medicine development, but also existential risks for humanity. It is long overdue to move the socio-normative regulation of this sphere from the level of international declarations and recommendations to the level of global legal agreements. However, progress in this direction is blocked by an exceptionally high degree of competition between countries and transnational pharmaceutical giants. It is significant that in the Universal Declaration on the Human Genome the most controversial problem of genomics, related to the possibility of human germ line editing, is not even indicated. At the moment this problem requires special attention from the scientific community, including scientists in the field of jurisprudence specializing in the philosophy of law, medical law and legal support of the modern technologies.

Keywordshuman rights, human genome, genome editing, socio-normative regulation, CRISPR-Cas9 technology, legal contract, future generations, law, formal equality, morality
Publication date07.08.2020
Number of characters33784
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