Family as a Factor of Schoolchildren’s High Educational Achievements in Asian Countries

 
PIIS032150750000867-5-1
DOI10.31857/S032150750000867-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: K.D. Ushinsky Yaroslavl State Pedagogical University
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 10
Pages32-39
Abstract

International comparative studies like PISA, TIMSS, PIRLS invariably confirm best educational results of schoolchildren from a number of Asian countries in comparison with their peers from Western states, which is partly explained by the specific educational culture formed in the region, built on certain social conditions and national traditions. It doesn’t matter whether it is Korea, China, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong or Singapore, because school marks play a very important role both for a student and his family directly determining his/her educational future, and for teachers and schools, determining their ratings. In Asia persistence, hard work and discipline are values that bring success, unlike in Western pedagogy where all educational achievements are explained with the child’s natural ability and with talents of the teacher.The family plays a crucial role in success of a child, that is brightly proved by the practice of raising children in East Asia and also Singapore, where are widespread early development and education, additional education of preschool children, deep immersion of mothers in the educational process of their children. Intensive participation of parents in that process helps to form at an early age motivation for learning, understanding of practical value of knowledge, value of schooling itself, and it contributes to early professional orientation of a child. It also provides control over the child’s achievements and targeted management of the educational progress. Parental participation in children’s education early forms in children a feeling of duty and responsibility to the parents for their studies, it also forms in parents an understanding of responsibility for their child’s successes and for his professional future.This article characterizes on the examples of Japan, China and Singapore with help of the anthropological and cultural approaches the educational potential of a family in Asian culture, justifying the crucial importance of Asian parents’ influence on the educational achievements of their children.

Keywords education in Japan, education in Singapore, education in China, ethno-pedagogy, PISA, juku, kiasu
Received19.10.2018
Publication date19.10.2018
Number of characters641
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in

Price publication: 0

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1588

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Radugina O.A. Obrazovatel'naya kul'tura obschestva kak tselostnyj sotsial'nyj fenomen // Filosofiya i obschestvo. 2001. № 1. S. 130-141. (Radugina O.A. 2001. Educational culture of society as a holistic social phenomenon // Philosophy and society. № 1. Pp. 130-141) (In Russ.)

2. Siebert H. 2001. Selbstgesteuertes Lernen und Lernberatung. Neue Lernkulturen in Zeiten der Postmoderne. Neuwied.

3. Bollnow O.F. 1978. Vom Geist des Übens. Freiburg.

4. Bondarenko A. Yaponskaya shkola glazami russkogo // Nachal'naya shkola. 2005. № 5. S. 120-126. (Bondarenko A. 2005. The Japanese school with the eyes of a Russian // Primary School. № 5. Pp. 120-126) (In Russ.)

5. Stevenson H., Stigler J. 1992. The Learning Gap. New York.

6. Iyengar S., Lepper M. 1999. Rethinking the Value of Choice: A Cultural Perspective on Intrinsic Motivation // Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. № 76. Rr. 349-366.

7. Yamamoto Yu. Yaponskie deti slushayut starshikh i edyat ris. M., 2015. (Yamamoto Y. 2015. Japanese children listen to seniors and eat rice. M.) (In Russ.)

8. Global Health Observatory data repository / WHO - http://apps.who.int/gho/data/?theme=main&vid=60820 (accessed 05.03.2018)

9. Kiasu // A Dictionary of Singlish and Singapore English - http://www.singlishdictionary.com/singlish_K.htm (accessed 29.03.2018)

10. Hwang A., Ang S., Francesco A.M. 2002. The silent Chinese: The influence of face andkiasuism on student feedbackseeking behaviors // Journal of Management Education. № 26. Rr. 70-98.

11. Lim M. 2013. The Good, the Bad and the PSLE: Trials of an Almost Kiasu Mother. Singapore

12. PISA 2015 Results. Students’ Well-Being. Volume in overview. OECD. 2015

13. Humphries H. Parents hire tutors... to do kids’ homework // The New Paper. 12.04.2015 - http://www.tnp.sg/news/others/parents-hire-tutors-do-kids-homework (accessed 20.05.2018)

14. Chan R. Being ‘kiasu’ is top value in Singapore society, survey finds // The Straits Times. 23.08.2012 - http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest+News/Singapore/Story/A1Story20120823-367155.html (accessed 09.05.2018)

15. Leung K., Morris W.M. 2015. Values, schemas, and norms in the culture-behavior nexus: Asituated dynamics framework // Journal of Inter national Business Studies. № 46. Rr. 1028-1050.

16. Zolotukhin I.N. Kiasu kak obratnaya storona «singapurskogo chuda» // Izvestiya Vostochnogo instituta. 2013. №. 1. S. 88-102. (Zolotukhin I.N. 2013. Kiasu as the reverse side of the «Singapore miracle» // News of the Eastern Institute. № 1. Pp. 88-102) (In Russ.)

17. Raising children is a top priority for young Chinese parents / Mintel - http://www.mintel.com/press-centre/socialand-lifestyle/raising-children-is-a-top-priority-for-young-chinese-parents (accessed 28.05.2018)

18. Chua Eh. Boevoj gimn materi-tigritsy. M., 2013. (Chua E. 2013. Battle hymn of the tiger mother. M.) (In Russ.)

19. Chao R.K. 1994. Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: Understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training // Child Development. № 65. Rr. 1111-1119.

20. Sperber D. 1996. Explaining culture: A naturalistic approach. Oxford.

21. Huntsinger C.S., Jose C.S., Larson P.E., Balsink S.L., Krieg D., Shaligram C. 2000. Mathematics, vocabulary, and reading development in Chinese American and European American children over the primary school years // Journal of Educational Psychology. № 92. Rr. 745-760.

22. Ng F.F., Pomerantz E.M., Lam S.F. 2007. European American and Chinese parents’ responses to children’s success and failure // Developmental Psychology. № 43. Pp. 1239-1255.

23. Pang V.O. 1991. The relationship of test anxiety and math achievement to parental values in Asian-American and European-American middle school students // Journal of Research and Development. № 24. Pp. 1-10.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up