Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in China's international relations: A part of the New Silk Road or a hotbed of conflict?

 
PIIS032150750016491-2-1
DOI10.31857/S032150750016491-2
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Associate Professor, Head of the Department of General History, Philosophy and Cultural Studies of the Blagoveshchensk State Pedagogical University
Affiliation: Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "Blagoveshchensk State Pedagogical University"
Address: Amur region, Blagoveshchensk, Pushkin str. 8, sq. 52
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 7
Pages31-39
Abstract

The article examines the place and role of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China in the economic project of the New Silk Road in the context of China's international relations. The importance of the XUAR for China at the beginning of the XXI century increases due to its economic and geostrategic characteristics. China's economic strategy contributes to its strengthening in the Central Asian region and strengthens its position in comparison with the capabilities of Russia and the United States. For China, this is not only a desire to achieve foreign economic goals, but also an opportunity to reduce the risks of the terrorist threat. Xinjiang is becoming not only a springboard for China's new economic policy in Central Asia, but also a link between the important route of goods, raw materials and investments from the Pacific Ocean to Europe. At the same time, the XUAR is a zone of long-term instability, which is expressed in the development of separatism, terrorism and extremism. The actions of the Chinese authorities are aimed at stabilizing the situation in the autonomous region. But sometimes this is achieved by force and contradicts the ethno-religious traditions of the local population. Thus, XUAR, which is part of the New Silk Road, is characterized not only as a promisingly developing region, but also represents a hotbed of significant risk.

KeywordsChina, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), Xinjiang, New Silk Road, Uyghurs, economic policy, terrorism
Received19.04.2022
Publication date13.07.2022
Number of characters30859
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 426

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Swami P. 2011. India backs New Silk Road in Central Asia. The Hindu, 24 September. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-backs-new-silk-road-in-central-asia/article2480058.ece (accessed 01.08.2021)

2. Bazhenova E.S, Ostrovskiy A.V. 2016. Xinjiang - Horizons of the New Silk Road. Moscow. P. 210. (In Russ.)

3. 习近平. 2013. 弘扬人民友谊共创美好未来. (Xi Jinping. Develop friendship between peoples, jointly create a wonderful future). (In Chin.). http://www.wrsa.net/content_40747541.htm (accessed 12.09.2021)

4. Brown K. 2014. The New Silk Road: China Reclaims Its Crown. The Diplomat, 18 November 2014. http://thediplomat.com/2014/11/the-new-silk-road-china-reclaims-its-crown (accessed 10.08.2021)

5. Buyarov D.V. 2019. Xinjiang and the economic belt on the Silk Road. Russia and China: history and prospects of cooperation. Materials of the IX International Scientific and Practical Conference. Blagoveshchensk. Pp. 16-21 (In Russ.)

6. 谭衷. 2020. 解码西部大开发再升级. (Tang Zhong. Western Region Development and Modernization) (In Chin.). http://www.xinhuanet.com/2020-06/18/c_1126129678.htm (accessed 03.08.2021)

7. 中国统计年鉴-2020. (China Statistical Yearbook) (In Chin.). http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2020/indexch.htm (accessed 01.10.2021)

8. 中国统计年鉴-2021: (China Statistical Yearbook) (In Chin.). http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2021/indexch.htm (accessed 01.11.2021)

9. Patience M. 2012. Will development bring stability to restive Xinjiang city of Kashgar? BBC News, China, 16 August 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19264601 (accessed 04.08.2021)

10. Hoshur S., Vandenbrink R. 2013. Imam stabbed to death after supporting crackdown against Uyghurs. Radio Free Asia, 16 August. https://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/imam-08162013200309.html (accessed 05.08.2021)

11. Starr S.F. 2004. Xinjiang. China Muslim Borderland. Armonk, New-York: M.E. Sharpe. Pр. 247-248.

12. Carney J. 2014. Statement by Press Secretary Jay Carney on terrorist attack in China. The White House. 22 May. https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2014/05/22/statement-press-secretary-jay-carney-terrorist-attack-china (accessed 08.08.2021)

13. Umarov Т. 2020. China Looms Large in Central Asia. https://carnegie.ru/commentary/81402 (accessed 08.08.2021)

14. Coonan C. 2021. Opinion: China's New Silk Road is full of potholes. https://www.dw.com/en/opinion-chinas-new-silk-road-is-full-of-potholes/a-57427475 (accessed 18.09.2021)

15. Kashgarian A., Sahinkaya E. 2021. Turkey Cracks Down on Uighur Protesters After China Complains. https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/turkey-cracks-down-uighur-protesters-after-china-complains (accessed 10.08.2021)

16. Siddique Q. 2014. Deeper than the Indian Ocean? An analysis of Pakistan-China relations. SISA Report № 16, Oslo: SISA Centre for International and Strategic Analysis. P. 27. https://silo.tips/download/sisa-report-no-deeper-than-the-indian-ocean-an-analysis-of-pakistan-china-relati (accessed 10.08.2021)

17. Wines M. 2011. China Blames Foreign-Trained Separatists for Attacks in Xinjiang. The New York Times, 1 August 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/02/world/asia/02china.html. (accessed 14.08.2021)

18. Roberts S. 2012. Imaginary Terrorism? The Global War on Terror and the Narrative of the Uyghur Terrorist Threat. Washington, D.C.: The Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University. P. 16. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272998379_Imaginary_Terrorism_The_Global_War_on_Terror_and_the_Narrative_of_the_Uyghur_Terrorist_Threat (accessed 25.08.2021)

19. Laruelle M., Peyrouse S. 2012. The Chinese Question in Central Asia: Domestic Order, Social Change, and the Chinese Factor. New-York: Columbia University Press, London: Hurst. P. 192. https://www.academia.edu/34356557/The_Chinese_Question_in_Central_Asia._Domestic_Order_Social_Changes_and_the_Chinese_Factor_London_New_York_Oxford_University_Press_and_Hurst_2012_co-authored_with_Sebastien_Peyrouse (accessed 12.10.2021)

20. Weitz R. 2014. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: A Fading Star? The Asan Forum: An Online Journal, 2(6), November-December. https://theasanforum.org/the-shanghai-cooperation-organization-a-fading-star/ (accessed 12.08.2021)

21. Su Mei Ooi, Trinkle K. 2015. China’s New Silk Road and Its Impact on Xinjiang. https://thediplomat.com/2015/03/chinas-new-silk-road-and-its-impact-on-xinjiang/ (accessed 15.08.2021)

22. Chatzky A., McBride J. 2020. China’s Massive Belt and Road Initiative. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/chinas-massive-belt-and-road-initiative (accessed 20.08.2021)

23. Buyarov D.V. 2015. The problem of ethnic terrorism and separatism in modern China. Modern China in the conditions of transformation / Edited by D.V. Kuznetsov, D.V. Buyarov. Moscow. Pp. 114-115. (In Russ.)

24. Kulintsev Yu. 2019. Are anti-Chinese protests in Kazakhstan relevant to Russian interests? Russian Council for International Affairs. 4 October 2019. https://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/aktualny-li-antikitayskie-protesty-v-kazakhstane-dlya-rossiyskikh-interesov/ (accessed 10.09.2021) (In Russ.)

25. Demick B. 2014. Uighur imam who supported Chinese Communist Party is stabbed to death. The Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/world/asia/la-fg-china-imam-killed-20140730-story.html (accessed 12.09.2021)

26. Nury A. 2012. A Turkish Primer on Engaging Beijing. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB1000142405270230351340457735327210 7433282 (accessed 12.11.2021)

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up