Mongolia. Perspectives for the market of nuclear raw materials and technologies

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages of Technical Faculties, Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy, International Relations and Law
Affiliation: Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management
Address: Russian Federation, Novosibirsk
Occupation: history teacher
Affiliation: Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (Ulaanbaatar branch)
Address: Mongolia
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 12

The article is dealt with scrutinising the nuclear raw materials and technologies market in Mongolia at the present time. The paper analyses the involvement of various external actors in the Mongolian uranium market. The work is based on world-systems theory and organised countrywide. The literature review is based on Russian, Mongolian and other sources. Major documents in the sphere of nuclear non-proliferation (such as the country’s international treaties in the sphere, agreements with IAEA, national legislation, etc.) are also taken into account. The main part is devoted to the contemporary state of affairs in Mongolian energy sector. The following subsections deal with the activities of European Union (specifically France), Canada, Russia, China and India. In the conclusion, an attempt is made to provide a short-term prediction as to the related developments.



The only stage of the nuclear fuel cycle relevant for Mongolia in the present is front-end, namely extraction of uranium ore. The authors draw the inference that so-called “resource nationalism” presenting an important feature of Mongolian energy policy plays a crucial part in defining Ulaanbaatar’s energy policy. Both internal and external factors impede further collaboration between Mongolia and other players on the global nuclear market. According to the world-systems analysts, Mongolia remains in the periphery of the global system, and its resources might be attractive for the “core” countries. Overcoming such obstacles on the basis of mutual cooperation will make it easier for the companies and countries to come to an agreement and establish a win-win situation both for Mongolia and other states.

KeywordsMongolia, nuclear raw materials market, nuclear technologies
Publication date09.12.2020
Number of characters17315
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1075

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Dianova V.M. West and East in world-systems analysis. Observatory of Culture. Moscow. (In Russ.). (accessed 05.06.2020)

2. Mironov Yu.B. 2003. Uranus in Mongolia. St.Petersburg. (In Russ.)

3. Mironov Yu.B., Afanasev A.M., Bulychev A.V. 2009. Uranium deposits in Mongolia. St.Petersburg. (In Russ.)

4. Zhanchiv B., Khomenko O.E., Tsenjav L. 2011. Current state and development trends of the uranium industry in Mongolia. School of underground engineering. Yalta. (In Russ.)

5. Sevastyanov S.V. 2012. The role of the new Russian infrastructure development projects in supporting Northeast Asia’s energy security. Ojkumena. Regional Researches. № 1. Nakhodka. (In Russ.)

6. Zhanchiv B., Khomenko O.E., Tsenjav L. 2011. Geotechnological parameters of the opening of hydrogenous uranium deposits in Mongolia. 2011. Collection of scientific papers of National Mining University. № 40. Dnipro (Ukraine). (In Russ.)

7. Ryu H., Dorjragchaab S., Kim Y., Kim K. Electricity-generation mix considering energy security and carbon emission mitigation: Case of Korea and Mongolia. Energy. 2014, Vol. 64, pp. 1071-1079. (accessed 10.06.2020)

8. Sobolev A.O. History pages of the USSR’s and RF geologists work on the prospecting and development of uranium deposits in Mongolia. (In Russ.). (accessed 10.06.2020)

9. Zhargalsaykhan D. Energy that lost energy. The Defacto Gazette. 08.11.2019. (In Russ.). (accessed 05.06.2020)

10. Jamsran J. Energy sector of Mongolia, country report. (accessed 10.06.2020)

11. The Economic Growth in Mongolia to Reach 7.2% in 2019 - World Bank. Rambler. 25.04.2019. (In Russ.). (accessed 15.10.2020)

12. Dudina G., Skorlygina N. Credit-Bator. Kommersant. 04.09.2019. (In Russ.). (accessed 06.06.2020)

13. Shen R. Mongolia eyes first nuclear power plant by 2020: MonAtom. Reuters. 07.04.2011. (accessed 15.06.2020)

14. Uranium in Mongolia. World Nuclear Association. (accessed 06.06.2020)

15. Sambaa G. Uranium Mining Company Ceased Activities in the Dundgobi Province. 17.06.2020 (In Mongol.). (accessed 17.06.2020)

16. High M.M. Dangerous fortunes. Wealth and patriarchy in the Mongolian informal gold economy. (The thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.) Cambridge, 2008.

17. Jackson S.L. 2015. Imagining the mineral nation: contested nation-building in Mongolia. Nationalities papers. № 43. 2015. (accessed 28.01.2020)

18. Hornby L. Mongolia debates uranium policy, foreign miners fret. Reuters. 13.12.2007. (accessed 22.07.2020)

19. Achtamzyan I.A. 2009. Nuclear-free status of Mongolia. Nuclear Non-Proliferation: A Brief Information. Moscow. (In Russ.). (accessed 24.06.2020)

20. The text of the agreement between Mongolia and the agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. (accessed 05.06.2020)

21. Protocol Additional to the Agreement between Mongolia and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in Connection with the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear weapons. (accessed 01.05.2020)

22. EU and Mongolia cooperation project on uranium mining and milling successfully completed. Europian Union External Action. (accessed 10.06.2020)

23. Orano en Mongolia. (accessed 09.06.2020)

24. Économie et commerce. (accessed 22.07.2020)

25. In Mongolian Ulaanbadrah somon «Badrah Energy» donated livestock to 79 families. (accessed 22.07.2020) (In Russ.)

26. Temuulen G. Mongolia without Uranium: A goatling was born with a human head and no hair. Unuudur, 05.11.2019 (In Mongol.).урангүй-монгол-хөдөлгөөн-хүн-толгойтой-үсгүй-ишиг-төрсөн/ (accessed 24.06.2020)

27. Chronicle about Mardai. 2017. The Border Region in Historical Development: Partnership and Cooperation. Chita. (In Russ.)

28. The myth of the «Mongolian uranium Eldorado». Back in USSR. Vacation 2018. (In Russ.). (accessed: 10.06.2020)

29. Wu J.C. The mineral industry of Mongolia. 1998. Minerals Yearbook. Asia and the Pacific. Vol. 3. (accessed 15.06.2020)

30. Pannier B. Canadian mining company faces troubles In Mongolia. (accessed 15.06.2020)

31. Denisova A. For uranium to Mongolia. Vedomosti. 27.05.2008. (In Russ.). (accessed 02.03.2020)

32. Dzaguto V. Russia and Mongolia share uranium. Kommersant. 15.12.2010 (In Russ.). (accessed 05.06.2020)

33. Mongolia is a perspective market for Russian nuclear technologies: expert. Regnum. (In Russ.). (accessed 10.06.2020)

34. Trade between Russia and Mongolia in 2018. (In Russ.). (accessed 10.10.2019)

35. Nerguyi G. Russians know Mongolian uranium better than Mongolians. 13.12.2010 (In Mongol.). (accessed 10.06.2020)

36. Nuclear energy is a key part of China's Belt and Road policy. (accessed 24.06.2020)

37. CNNC Uranium Mining Project in Mongolia Produces Significant Results. China National Nuclear Corporation. 10.07.2014 (In Chin.). (accessed 27.07.2020)

38. CNNC Uranium Mining Project in Mongolia Undergoes Assessment Process. Yicai Global. 14.07.2014 (In Chin.). (accessed 27.07.2020)

39. India, Mongolia ink pact for uranium supply. The Hindu. 14.09.2009. (accessed 24.06.2020)

40. Chandramohan B. India and Mongolia: Uranium and Beyond. Strategic Analysis Paper. Future Directions International. 19.05.2015. (accessed 20.06.2020)

41. Feller G. Investors Keen to Support Mongolia’s Renewable Energy Goals. Renewable Energy World. (accessed 25.06.2020)

42. «Areva» that brought the coronavirus (In Mongol.). (accessed 10.03.2020)

Система Orphus