Libya and interests of Russia

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: President Emeritus of IAS RAS
Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (IAS RAS)
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)
Address: Moscow, 30/1, Spiridonovka Str., Moscow, 123001, Russian Federation
Occupation: Associate Professor, National Research University Higher School of Economics; Research Fellow, Saint Petersburg State University; Research Fellow, Institute for African Studies, RAS
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Institute for African Studies, RAS
Address: Russian Federation
Occupation: Head, Center of North Africa and African Horn Studies, Institute for African Studies, RAS
Affiliation: Institute for African Studies
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Senior Research Fellow, Institute for African Studies, RAS
Affiliation: Institute for African Studies, RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Senior Research Fellow, Institute for African Studies, RAS
Affiliation: Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 6

Currently, there are two opposing “governments” in Libya: the Faiz Saraj’s Government of National Accord in Tripoli, recognized by the international community, and the cabinet of ministers in the east of the country, which is supported by the Libyan National Army led by Khalifa Haftar and relies on the “legitimate” parliament - the House Representatives.

So far, attempts by the parties to come to a settlement within the framework of a political agreement have not yielded results. Meanwhile,  it  was  the  civil  war  and  the  difficult  social  and  economic  conditions  associated  with  it,  the  collapse  of  state administration, the inaction of laws, the flourishing of violence that are key factors in the presence of radical jihadist groups in Libya. In April 2019, Haftar announced the start of an offensive on Tripoli. The offensive soon lost momentum, as forces in western Libya associated with the Government of National Accord joined forces to prevent the advance of Haftar’s troops. This event is noteworthy not only because Haftar failed to overcome the resistance of the forces of the Government of National Accord, but also because the more tangible the prospect of the capture of the capital by the Libyan national army became, the fewer allies remained within Libya itself.

Despite the intricacies of the Libyan civil conflict, a more or less stable system of checks and balances has developed within the country, which does not allow any of the forces to occupy a dominant position in the military-political system of Libya. The situation is still stalemate.

KeywordsLibya, Qaddafi, civil war, Arab Spring, Russia
Publication date27.06.2020
Number of characters41306
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1390

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Allahoum R. Q&A: What’s next for Libya? 15.03.2020)

2. Libya crisis: Clashes erupt south of capital Tripoli. (accessed 15.03.2020)

3. Conclusions of the Berlin conference on Libya (In Russ.). (accessed 28.03.2020)

4. UN Security Council confirmed results of the Berlin Conference on Libya). (accessed 13.04.2020)

5. Mundy J. Libya. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2018.

6. Vandewalle D. A History of Modern Libya. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

7. Issaev L., Zakharov A. Decentralization in Libya after the Arab Spring. Middle East Policy. 2020, № 1.

8. Mustafin R. Capital and South of Libya in the fire again (In Russ.). (accessed 25.03.2020)

9. Unifying the Libyan army: an Egyptian top priority. (accessed 13.04.2020)

10. Schnelzer N. Libya in the Arab Spring: The Constitutional Discourse since the Fall of Gaddafi. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2016.

11. Zurutuza K. Tebu Cultural Awakening: «We may not be Arabs, but we are Libyans». (accessed 15.04.2020)

12. Issaev L, Zakharov A. Anarchy, Oil, and Federation: Libya after the Arab Spring. Neprikosnovenny zapas: debaty o politike i kulture, № 2 (In Russ.)

13. Widdershoven C. Libya Is Facing A New Oil War. (accessed 16.04.2020)

14. Slav I. Blockade Sends Libya’s Oil Production Crashing Below 100,000 Bpd. (accessed 07.04.2020).

15. Libyan Oil Production Falls Below 90k barrels per day. Statement from the National Oil Corporation (NOC). (accessed 17.04.2020)

16. Katona V. How Much Further Can Libya’s Oil Production Fall? (accessed 15.04.2020)

17. Why djd Haftar Turn Libya’s Oil off? (accessed 18.04.2020)

18. Kukushkin V. North Africa: «Arab Spring» and Perspectives of Modernization of the hydrocarbon exporting countries. Asia and Africa today, № 8 (In Russ.)

19. Butler D., Gumrukcu T. Turkey sign maritime boundaries deal with Libya amid exploration row. (accessed 08.04.2020)

20. Turkish offshore gas deal with Libya upsets Mediterranean boundaries. (accessed 16.04.2020)

21. USGS reveals Levant basin potential. (accessed 15.04.2020)

22. BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2019. (accessed 12.12.2019)

23. East Med Forum Kicks Off in Cairo as Israeli Gas Starts Flowing to Egypt. (accessed 01.04.2020)

24. Widdershoven C. Egypt Is Shaping Up to Become A Real Energy Hub. (accessed 10.04.2020)

25. Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum to promote regional energy cooperation. (accessed 10.04.2020)

26. Koutantou A. Greece, Israel, Cyprys sing EastMed pipeline deal. (accessed 10.04.2020)

27. Greek FM visits Libya amid Turkey tensions. (accessed 08.04.2020).

28. Zaptia S. HoR cancels LPA, withdraws recognition of Serraj government, refers Serraj and Ministers to justice for treason, cuts relations with Turkey and annuls Libya-Turkish agreement. (accessed 08.04.2020)

Система Orphus