Qatari-Turkish Alliance Challenge for Regional Leadership. Part 1

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Member, Russian Academy of Sciences; Honorable President, Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences; Chair of African and Arab Studies, People's Friendship University of Russia; Editor-in-Chief, “Azia i Afrika segodnya”
Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
People's Friendship University of Russia
“Azia i Afrika segodnya” journal
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Research Fellow, Center for Civilizational and Regional Studies, Institute for African Studies, RAS; Research Fellow, Center of Political Studies, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Head of Laboratory, National Reasearch University Higher School of Economics; Senior Research Fellow, Saint Petersburg State University; Leading Research Fellow, Institute for African Studies, RAS
head of the Laboratory of monitoring of risks of sociopolitical destabilization National Research University Higher School of Economics, leading researcher of the Institute of Oriental studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Professor FGP MSU
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 10

The Qatari-Turkish alliance, using the pan-Arab network of the Muslim Brotherhood as well as their ideology as a tool to achieve regional leadership, managed to achieve impressive success during the first period of Arab Spring in 2011-2012. The Qatari-Turkish alliance proved to be quite an effective mechanism. Indeed, despite the big economic, demographic and military potential (comparable to Iran, Saudi Arabia or Egypt), Turkey (as a non-Arab state) hardly had any real chances to single-handedly achieve regional leadership in the predominantly Arab region (by the way, this is a serious obstacle to Iranian efforts). On the other hand, Qatar, despite its enormous financial resources and Arab identity, is too small to make any serious attempt alone to achieve broad regional influence. Qatar and Turkey managed to throw in 2010-2012 quite an impressive challenge to other regional powers only after they joined forces, adding to this the broad political potential of the pan-Arab Association of Muslim Brotherhood. However, in 2013, Saudi Arabia and its allies managed to carry out a fairly successful counteroffensive. Its central element was the overthrow of the Muslim Brotherhood government in Egypt, carried out in alliance with the Egyptian military and some other internal Egyptian and international forces. At the moment, Saudi Arabia seems to be the only Middle East power that seriously seeks regional leadership, but the potencial of the Turkish-Qatari-Ikhvan Alliance should not be underestimated.

KeywordsQatari-Turkish Alliance, Muslim Brotherhood, Islamism, Salafis, Saudi Arabia, instability, Syria
Publication date31.10.2019
Number of characters27845
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