M. Heidegger – “The Two-faced Janus” of Philosophy: “Black Notebooks” 1942–1948 (The First Article)

 
PIIS004287440001902-7-1
DOI10.31857/S004287440001902-7
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Senior Research Scientist
Affiliation: Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameVoprosy filosofii
EditionIssue 11
Pages165-175
Abstract

The main purpose of this article (which is the first one from two publications, devoted to the 97 volume of Heidegger’s Complete Works) is the demonstration of the duality of Heideggerian philosophy of this contradictory historical period (1942–1948). It means the demonstration of the fact that Heidegger is the «double-faced Janus of philosophy». The first face, the uncovering of which is the subject of this article, is his anger, the hateful attitude towards the «Publicity» («Öffentlichkeit»), to the scientific and philosophical community – including the previous friends (Karl Jaspers) and the new allies (J.-P. Sartre). However, Heidegger's main guilt was his vehemence to consider the bloody crimes of the Nazi regime (including the KZ and the millions of war sacrifices) as pardonable. But to take into account only this line of the text of the 97 volume means not to understand, how and why M. Heidegger after the war became one of the most important philosophers of the XX century. The philosophical face Heidegger's – the subject of the second author's article about the 97 volume of Heidegger’s Works.

KeywordsM. Heidegger, K. Jaspers, E. Husserl, J.-P. Sartre, publicity, national socialism, antisemitism, existentialism
Received18.12.2018
Publication date19.12.2018
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1. Heidegger, Martin (2015) Anmerkungen I–V (Schwarze Hefte 1942–1948), Gesamtausgabe, Bd. 97, Trawny, Peter (Hrsg.), Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main.

2. Fuchs, Christian (2015) “Anti-Semitism, Anti-Marxism and Technophobia: The Fourth Volume of Martin Heidegger’s Black Notebooks (1942–1948)”, TripleC, Vol. 13 (1), pp. 93–100.

3. Mironov, Vladimir V., Mironova, Dagmar V.H. (2016), “Philosopher and Power: the Case of Heidegger”, Voprosy Filosofii, Vol. 7 (2016), pp. 21–38 (in Russian).

4. Motroshilova Nelly V. (2013) Martin Heidegger and Hanna Arendt: Being – Time – Love, Academicheskii Proekt, Gaudeamus, Moscow (in Russian).

5. Motroshilova Nelly V. (2015) “Martin Heideggers’s ‘Black Notebooks’: In the Footsteps of Publication”, Voprosy Filosofii, Vol. 4 (2015), pp. 131–162 (in Russian).

6. Motroshilova Nelly V. (2016) “Once Again on Martin Heidegger’s ‘Black Notebooks’ (On the Debates of Summer and Autumn 2015)”, Voprosy Filosofii, Vol. 7 (2016), pp. 39–55 (in Russian).

7. Trawny, Peter (2015) “Nachwort des Herausgebers”, Martin Heidegger, Gesamtausgabe, Bd. 97, Trawny, Peter (Hrsg.), Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main. pp. 519–527.

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