History as a Philosophical Idea

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: DSc in Philosophy, Professor, chief research fellow
Affiliation: Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameVoprosy filosofii
EditionIssue 8

The article is based on the report "Modern Problems of Philosophy of History", made at the seminar of the Academic Council of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, February 15, 2017 (https://iphras.ru/page13728537.htm). In article an attempt to reveal sense of the philosophical "idea of history" how she is understood and studied in historical science is made. Thus, it becomes possible to substantiate the special status of the philosophy of history in the general composition of historical knowledge. If historical science deals primarily with the past of mankind, then the philosophy of history sets itself the task of understanding the connection between the basic temporal modes of the historical process as a whole – the past, the present, and the future. A decisive role in that understanding is played not only by what is preserved in our historical memory, but also by our conception of the future, which, as a goal, meaning or purpose of history, is fixed in its philosophical idea. Each of the historical times is characterized by its special relationship with eternity. In the modern world, with its victory of time over eternity in its religious or metaphysical interpretation, the philosophy of history is possible as a historical selfawareness of a person who comes into contact with eternity not beyond time but in the time itself, which is therefore called the free time.

Keywordsphilosophy of history, idea of history, past, present, future, time, eternity, free time
Publication date03.10.2018
Number of characters1301
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1. Bauman, Zygmunt (2001) The individualized society, Polity Press, Cambridge (Russian Translation).

2. Gaidenko, Piama P. (2006) Time. Duration. Eternity: The Problem of Time in European Philosophy and Science, Progress-Traditsiia, Moscow (In Russian).

3. Gubin, Valerii D., Strelkov, Vladimir I. (2007) The Power of History. Essays on the history of the philosophy of history, Izdatelstvo RGGU, Moscow (In Russian).

Additional sources and materials

Primary Sources in Russian and Russian Translations


Фуко 1977 – Фуко М. Слова и вещи. Археология гуманитарных наук. М.: Прогресс, 1977

[Foucault, Michel. Les mots et les choses. Une archéologie des sciences humaines (Russian Translation)].

Ясперс 1991 – Ясперс К. Смысл и назначение истории. М.: Политиздат, 1991 [Jaspers, Karl. Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte (Russian Translation)].

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