Thinking as a Creative and Evolving Concept

 
PIIS004287440002579-1-1
DOI10.31857/S004287440002579-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, Head of the Department of Social and Humanitarian Sciences of the Kazakhstan Branch of the Lomonosov Moscow State University
Affiliation:
National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan Branch of the Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Kazakhstan
Occupation: Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan, Professor at the L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Affiliation:
National Academy of Sciences of Kazakhstan
L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Address: Kazakhstan
Journal nameVoprosy filosofii
EditionIssue 12
Pages18-23
Abstract

The authors consider the essential characteristics of creative thinking, based on the thesis that thinking is not just a function of the brain, but a function and form of human activity as such and, accordingly, of all human culture. Being a form of human activity, thinking is a creatively changing process. In the development of human activity, thinking deepened and expanded, passed from one qualitative state to another, from one mental paradigm to another. This change in human mental activity is now acquiring particular significance in connection with the fourth industrial revolution taking place in the world today, in which artificial intelligence comes to the fore. Thus, today life itself poses the task of shaping and educating a creative person, ready for new challenges and time demands, for humanity. The fundamental difference between creative (reasonable) thinking and the traditional, rational form of thinking, which forms the basis of artificial intelligence, robotics, cyber-physical systems, and information technologies, is that intelligent thinking is able to move from one form of logic to another, whereas the machine always thinks logically and surpasses the human brain only within the once-mastered thinking system.

Keywordscreativity, thinking, logic, paradigm, concept, dialectical logic, reason, mind
AcknowledgmentThis work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, IRN of the project: AP05131070 The Logic of the Formation of an Integral, Competitive Person and Modernization of their Spiritual and Moral Values.
Received19.12.2018
Publication date20.12.2018
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