Da-clauses as complements of desiderative and manipulative verbs in Slovenian

 
PIIS0373658X0001399-7-1
DOI10.31857/S0373658X0001399-7
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: University of Ljubljana
Address: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Affiliation:
University of Ljubljana
Fran Ramovš Institute of Slovenian Language, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Address: Ljubljana, Slovenia
Journal nameVoprosy Jazykoznanija
EditionIssue 5
Pages87-113
Abstract

The article treats the syntactic and semantic peculiarities of the three primary representatives of Slovenian desiderative and manipulative verbs, viz. želeti ‘wish’, hoteti ‘want’, and zahtevati ‘demand’. The main focus is on the various types of complements that they take, specifically the sentential complements introduced by complementizers da and naj, which function as objects to matrix predicates. Additional attention is devoted to the interchangeability of sentential and infinitive complements. The article analyzes the semantic, syntactic, and pragmatic criteria that influence the choice of a particular sentential complement, as well as the parameters determining the use of the complementizer that relates the clause complement to the matrix predicate. The analysis focuses on three types of construction with sentence connectives da and naj in main and dependent clauses: 1) da + the indicative mood, 2) da + the conditional mood, 3) naj + the indicative mood. The use of such sentence structures is connected with different meanings that the combinations achieve: in the so-called da-constructions, the conditional has an optative reading, while both da and naj function as hortatives if co-occurring with the indicative.

Keywordsda-clauses, desiderative and manipulative predicates, modality, sentential complements, Slovenian, South Slavic languages
Received07.10.2018
Publication date08.10.2018
Number of characters959
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Additional sources and materials

Fran — Fran: slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, www.fran.si, дата обращения 30.05.2018.

GigaFida — GigaFida, korpusna besedilna zbirka, http://www.gigafida.net, дата обращения 23.05.2018.

ParaSol — ParaSol, a Corpus of Slavic and Other Languages, http://parasolcorpus.org/, дата обращения 20.05.2018.

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