Russian Aspectual Pairs: Semantic Theory and Maslov’s Сriterion

 
PIIS0373658X0004897-5-1
DOI10.31857/S0373658X0004897-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation:
Vinogradov Russian Language Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian State University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow, 119019; 125993
Journal nameVoprosy Jazykoznanija
EditionIssue 3
Pages45-70
AbstractIt is well known that in Maslovian contexts Russian imperfective verbs denote events but not lasting processes. My goal is to explain this fact in terms of semantics. By definition, verbs in an aspectual pair have the same lexical meaning, so we can consider that the semantic component ‘event’ is a part of lexical meaning of both verbs in an aspectual pair. Thus, the grammatical meaning of perfective vs. imperfective verb is confined to modal and temporal characteristics of the denoted event and process. Different types of verbs are described.
Keywordsaspect, aspectual pair, imperfective, present tense, Russian, tense
AcknowledgmentThe research is supported by the grant of the Russian Scientific Foundation No. 16-18-02054.
Received24.06.2019
Publication date24.06.2019
Number of characters70464
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