Herodotus on the Burial Procedure of the Spartan Kings

 
PIIS032103910014639-5-1
DOI10.31857/S032103910014639-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Journal nameVestnik drevnei istorii
EditionVolume 82 Issue 3
Pages580-596
Abstract

The article offers a historical commentary on Herodotus’ account of the funeral of the Spartan kings. The author tries to explain why over the centuries the royal funeral rite continued to exist unchanged, although it was too magnificent for the ascetic Sparta. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the socio-ethnic structure of the participants in the funeral ceremony. It is argued that the participation of representatives of the lower classes – helots and perioikoi – in the funeral ceremony contributed to the separation of elites from both categories of the Spartan subordinate population. The funeral ceremony performed an important ideological and propaganda function: it served as a unifying moment for all ranks of society and instilled in them the conviction of eternity and immutability of the royal power, and with it the entire Spartan state.

KeywordsHerodotus, Plutarch, Spartiates, helots, perioikoi, Spartan kings, Sparta
Received10.05.2022
Publication date26.09.2022
Number of characters45256
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 387

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Alexiou, M. 2002: The Ritual Lament in Greek Tradition, 2 ed. New York–Oxford.

2. Birgalias, N. 2002: Helotage and Spartan Social Organization. In: À. Powell, S. Hodkinson (eds.). Sparta. Beyond the Mirage. London, 249–266.

3. Christesen, P. 2010: Kings Playing Politics: The Heroization of Chionis of Sparta. Historia: Zeitschrift f?r Alte Geschichte 59/1, 26–73.

4. Doran, T. 2018: Spartan Oliganthropia. Ancient History 1/2, 1–106.

5. Figueira T. 2003: The Demography of the Spartan Helots. In: N. Luraghi, S. E. Alcock (eds.). Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures. Cambridge, 193–239.

6. Flower, M. 2009: Spartan 'Religion' and Greek 'Religion'. In: S. Hodkinson (ed.). Sparta: Comparative Approaches. Swansea, 193–229.

7. Garland, R. 1989: The Well-Ordered Corpse: An Investigation into the Motives behind Greek Funerary Legislation. Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 36, 1–15.

8. Kennell, N. 2003: Agreste Genus: Helots in Hellenistic Laconia. In: N. Luraghi, S. E. Alcock (eds.). Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures. Cambridge, 81–105.

9. Luraghi, N. 2002: Local Knowledge in Herodotus’ Histories. In: N. Luraghi (ed.) The Historian’s Craft in the Age of Herodotus. Oxford, 138–160.

10. Luraghi, N. 2003: The Imaginary Conquest of the Helots. In: N. Luraghi, S. E. Alcock (eds.). Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures. Cambridge, 109–141.

11. Luraghi, N. 2008: The Ancient Messenians. Constructions of Ethnicity and Memory. New York.

12. Nafissi, M. 1991: La nascita del kosmos. Studi sulla storia e la societ? di Sparta. Napoli.

13. Parker, R. 1989: Spartan Religion. In: A. Powell (ed.). Classical Sparta: Techniques behind her Success. London, 142–172.

14. Pechatnova, L.G. 2020: Istoriya Sparty. Period arhaiki i klassiki [History of Sparta. The period of archaiñ and classic], 2nd ed. St. Petersburg.

15. Ïå÷àòíîâà, Ë. Ã. 2020: Èñòîðèÿ Ñïàðòû. Ïåðèîä àðõàèêè è êëàññèêè, èçä. 2-å. ÑÏá.

16. Petropoulou, A. 2009: The Spartan Royal Funeral in Comparative Perspective. In: H. Cavanagh, J. Roy (eds.). Honouring the Dead in the Peloponnese. Proceedings of the conference held in Sparta 23-25 April 2009. Nottingham, 583–612.

17. Powell, A. 2018: Sparta. Reconstructing History from Secrecy Lies and Myth. In: A. Powell (ed.). A Companion to Sparta I. Hoboken, 3–28.

18. Richer, N. 1994: Aspects des fun?railles ? Sparte. Cahiers du Centre Gustave Glotz 5, 51–96.

19. Richer, N. 2007: The Religious System at Sparta. In: D. Ogden (ed.). A companion to Greek religion. Oxford, 236–252.

20. Schaefer, H. 1965: Das Eidolon des Leonidas. Idem. Probleme der Alten Geschichte. G?ttingen, 324–28.

21. Scheidel, W. 2003: Helot Numbers: A Simplified Model. In: N. Luraghi, S. E. Alcock (eds.). Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures. Cambridge, 240–247.

22. Scott, L. 2005: Historical Commentary on Herodotus. Book 6. Leiden–Boston.

23. Simonton, M. 2018: The burial of Brasidas and the politics of commemoration in the classical period. American Journal of Philology 139/1, 1–30.

24. Stubbs, H. W. 1950: Spartan Austerity: A Possible Explanation. The Classical Quarterly 44, ?, 32–37.

25. Talbert, R. 1989: The Role of the Helots in the Class Struggle at Sparta. Historia: Zeitschrift f?r Alte Geschichte 38/1, 22–40.

26. Toher, M. 1999: On the ??????? of a Spartan King. Rheinisches Museum f?r Philologie 142/2, 113–27.

27. Wees, H. van. 2018: Luxury, Austerity and Equality in Sparta. In: A. Powell (ed.). A Companion to Sparta I. Hoboken, 202–235.

28. Whitby, M. 1994: Two shadows: images of Spartans and helots. In: A. Powell, St. Hodkinson (eds.). The Shadow of Sparta. London, 87–99.

29. Zaykov, A. 2005: [On the question of the status of the Lakedaimonion perioikoi II]. ???????: Almanah drevnej istorii i kultury [Issedon: Almanac of Ancient History and Culture] 3, 69–85.

30. Çàéêîâ, À. 2005: Ê âîïðîñó î ñòàòóñå Ëàêåäåìîíñêèõ ïåðèýêîâ II. ??????? / Èññåäîí: àëüìàíàõ äðåâíåé èñòîðèè è êóëüòóðû 3, 69–85.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up