Sociology of Thinking of N.I. Bukharin

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Leading Researcher
Affiliation: Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 12

In his main work “The Theory of Historical Materialism” (1921), N.I. Bukharin (1888–1938) conceptualized the materialistic view of history by K. Marx and F. Engels into Marxist sociology. Within the framework of the latter, the subject of his consideration was the sociology of thinking as part of the Marxist sociology of cognition. Thus Bukharin in many aspects anticipated the sociology of knowledge of M. Scheler and K. Mannheim. In “Theory…” he approaches the sociology of thinking mainly from the side of the genesis and evolution of language, in “Philosophical Arabesques” (1937) – mainly from the side of the “ideological style of the era” and the problem of sociomorphism of social consciousness. Between 1921 and 1937 Bukharin constantly returns to the theme of the sociology of cognition and thinking, taking into account the developments of viewpoints of M. Scheler and K. Mannheim.

KeywordsMarxism, superstructure, ideology, Marxist sociology, sociology of cognition, sociology of knowledge, sociology of thinking, language, ideological style of the era, sociomorphism
Publication date27.12.2022
Number of characters31018
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 456

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Bukharin N.I. (1931a) Theory and Practice from the Standpoint of Dialectical Materialism. Etyudy [Etudes]. Moscow, Leningrad: GTTI: 37–63. (In Russ.)

2. Bukharin N.I. (1931b) Fundamentals of Planning Research Work. Etyudy [Etudes]. Moscow, Leningrad: GTTI: 236–305. (In Russ.)

3. Bukharin N.I. (1989) Marx's Doctrine and its Historical Significance. 1933. In: Problems of the Theory and Practice of Socialism. Moscow: Politizdat: 331–421. (In Russ.)

4. Bukharin N.I. (2008a) The Theory of Historical Materialism. Popular Textbook of Marxist Sociology. Moscow: Veche. (In Russ.)

5. Bukharin N.I. (2008b) Philosophical Arabesques. In: Prisoner of Lubyanka. Prison Manuscripts of Nikolai Bukharin. Foreword of S. Baburin, Introduction by St. Cohen, ed. G. Bordyugov. Moscow: AIRO-XXI: 297–673. (In Russ.)

6. Kononov I.F. (2020) Lenin’s Social Philosophic Hеritage and Destiny of Sociology in the USSR (in the 1920s). Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 4: 27–37. (In Russ.)

7. Kononov I.F. (2021) Nikolay Bukharin’s Marxist Sociology Project. Sotsiologicheskiye issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 9: 105–116. (In Russ.)

8. Malinkin A. (2022) Phenomenological Enthymeme in Voloshinov’s Marxist Sociology of Poetics, as Seen in “Discourse in Life and Discourse in Poetry”. Social Sciences. Vol. 53. No. 3: 101–121. DOI:

9. Malinkin A.N. (2020) Sociology and Philosophy: Inseparable and Non-Merged. The Birth of Marxist Sociology from the Spirit of Bolshevism. Part 1. Sotsiologicheskiy Zhurnal [Sociological Journal]. Vol. 26. No. 3: 148–171. DOI: 10.19181/ socjour.2020.26.3.7399.

10. Malinkin A.N. (2021) To the History of Russian Sociology of the 1920–1930s: Soviet Marxism vs “Sociology of Knowledge”. Sotsiologicheskiy Zhurnal [Sociological Journal]. Vol. 27. No. 3: 147–174. DOI: 10.19181/socjour.2021.27.3.8428. (In Russ.)

11. Malinkin A.N. (2022) A Wonderful Feature of Sociological Thinking. (On the Foundations of the Typology of Interpretations by Karl Mannheim). In: Sounding Meanings: Dialogue with the World. Culturological Almanac. Moscow, St. Petersburg: TsGI: 673–693. (In Russ.)

12. Mannheim K. (2022) Ideological and Sociological Interpretation of Spiritual Formations. In: Sounding Meanings: Dialogue with the World. Culturological Almanac. Transl. from Germ. by A.N. Malinkin. Moscow, St. Petersburg: TsGI: 694–719. (In Russ.)

13. Scheler M. (2011) Problems of the Sociology of Knowledge. Transl. from Germ., comment., afterword by A.N. Malinkin. Moscow: IOI. (In Russ.)

14. Scheler M. (2020) About the Alien Self. Experience of Eidology, Theory of Knowledge and Metaphysics of Experimental Cognition and Real Positioning of the Alien Self and Living Beings. In: On the Essence of Philosophy. Works of Different Years. Transl. from Germ. by A.N. Malinkin. Moscow; St Petersburg: TsGI: 195–254. (In Russ.)

15. Voloshinov V.N. (M.M. Bakhtin) (1993) Marxism and the Philosophy of Language: the Main Problems of the Sociological Method in the Science of Language. Moscow: Labirint. (In Russ.)

Система Orphus