The Demand for the “Typological Turn” in Empirical Sociology

 
PIIS013216250019758-6-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250019758-6
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Chief Researcher
Affiliation: Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Senior Researcher
Affiliation: Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 7
Pages28-40
Abstract

In the process of the development of sociological methodology, there periodically arises a need to update the issues of explicating ideas about the “old” classical concepts. For concepts from the “methodological area”, such “turns” contribute to the capacity expansion of well-known tools, increasing the heuristic potential of concepts not “fashionable” in current realities. This article proposes “typological turn” metaphor to describe the demand for developing typological method of social understanding. In empirical sociology, theoretical and methodological problems of implementing the method are associated with a special type of multidimensional data analysis – typological one. It is interpreted both as a specific research strategy, or as a means of conceptualization, and as a way of diagnosing social reality. In recent years, the demand for “typological turn” has been discussed not so much in the field of sociological research, but rather in areas related to sociology. Therefore, special attention is paid to the analysis of these ideas in the article. The rationale for the turn to a typological approach in studying social phenomena is also based on the authors’ own long-term investigation of the development of methodological solutions for conducting typological analysis in various research situations. 

Keywordstypological turn, typological method, typological analysis, factorization, typologization, correlational thinking, typological thinking, qualitative homogeneity, overcomplication / oversimplification of the typological model
Received27.07.2022
Publication date22.09.2022
Number of characters34696
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 300

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Abbott A. (1988) Transcending General Linear Reality. Sociological Theory. Vol. 6. No. 2: 169–186. URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/202114 (accessed 23.03.2022).

2. Andreenkov V.G., Orlov A.I., Tolstova Yu.N., eds. (1985) Analysis of non-numerical information in sociological research. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

3. Andreenkov V.G., Tolstova Yu. N., eds. (1982) Typology and classification in sociological research. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

4. Andreenkov V.G., Tolstova Yu. N., eds. (1989) Mathematical methods of analysis and interpretation of sociological data. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

5. Babich N.S. (2008) Content analysis of the popularity of the typological method in Western sociology of the XX century. Sotsiologiya: metodologiya, metody, matematicheskoye modelirovaniye [Sociology: methodology, methods, mathematical modeling]. No. 27: 30–47.

6. Babich N.S. (2010) Evolution of the typological method in Western sociology of the 20th century: summary of the dissertation for the degree of candidate of sociology. Moscow. (In Russ.)

7. Babich N.S. (2012) Functions of typological method in social science. Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya [Theory and practice of social development]. No. 11: 84–89. (In Russ.)

8. Baehr W.P. (2020) The Arrest of Sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 9: 3–15. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250010090-2. (In Russ.)

9. Bergman L.R., Lundh L.-G. (2015) Introduction: The person-oriented approach: Roots and roads to the future. Journal for Person-Oriented Research. Vol. 1. No. 1–2: 1–6. DOI: 10.17505/jpor.2015.01.

10. Bergman L.R., Magnusson D., El-Khouri B.M. (2003) Studying individual development in an interindividual context. A Person-oriented approach. Mahwa, New Jersey, London: Lawrence-Erlbaum Associates.

11. Bergman L.R., Trost K. (2006) The person-oriented versus the variable-oriented approach: Are they complementary, opposites, or exploring different worlds? Merrill-Palmer Quarterly. Vol. 52. No. 3: 601–631.

12. Bergman L.R., Vargha A., Kövi Zs. (2017) Revitalizing the typological approach: Some methods for finding types. Scandinavian Society for Person-Oriented Research. Vol. 3. No. 1: 49–62. DOI: 10.17505/jpor.2017.04.

13. Campbell C. (2019) Has Sociology Progressed? Reflections of an Accidental Academic. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

14. Collier D., LaPorte J., Seawright J. (2008) Typologies: forming concepts and creating categorical variables. In: Box-Steffensmeier J.M., Brady H.E., Collier D. (eds) Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 152–173.

15. Collier D., LaPorte J., Seawright J. (2012) Putting Typologies to Work: Concept Formation, Measurement, and Analytic Rigor. Political Research Quarterly. Vol. 65. No. 1: 217–232.

16. Delbridge R., Fiss P.C. (2013) Editors' comments: Styles of theorizing and the social organization of knowledge. Academy of Management Review. Vol. 38. No. 3: 325–331. URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/43700493 (accessed 23.03.2022).

17. Deviatko I.F. (2021) Sociological Theory: Old Problems, New Challenges. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 3–11. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250016657-5. (In Russ.)

18. Dudina V.I. (2021) “Reassembling Sociology”: Digital Turn and Searching for New Theoretical Optics. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 11: 3–11. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250016829-4. (In Russ.)

19. Gofman A.B. (2013) On fashions in contemporary theoretical sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 21–28. (In Russ.)

20. Ilyin E.P. (2008) Differential psychology of professional activity. St. Petersburg: Piter. (In Russ.)

21. Ivanov D.V. (2017) Metatheorizing trend in the current sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 11: 3–10. DOI: 10.7868/S0132162517110010. (In Russ.)

22. Kravchenko S.A. (2012) Complex society: demand for turns in sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 5: 19–29. (In Russ.)

23. Kravchenko S.A. (2021) The Demand of the “Rigidity Turn” for The Sustainable Development: Contours of the Concept. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 12–22. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250015998-0. (In Russ.)

24. Kuchenkova A.V., Tatarova G.G. (2019) «Life-cycle Stage» as a Determinant of Personal Subjective Wellbeing. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 8: 30–43. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250006135-1. (In Russ.)

25. Platonova S. (2020) The fourth paradigm of scientifi c research and social sciences and humanities. Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsialnoy antropologii [The Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology]. No. 23(3): 7–24. DOI: 10.31119/jssa.2020.23.3.1. (In Russ.)

26. Romanovsky N.V. (2009) Modern sociology: determinants of change. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 12: 26–35. (In Russ.)

27. Schrodt Ph.A. (2016) Seven Deadly Sins of Contemporary Quantitative Political Analysis. Sotsiologiya: metodologiya, metody, matematicheskoe modelirovanie [Sociology: Methodology, Methods, Mathematical Modeling]. No. 43: 154–210 (In Russ.)

28. Snow Ch.C., Ketchen Jr. D.J. (2014) Typology-Driven Theorizing: A Response to Delbridge and Fiss. The Academy of Management Review. Vol. 39. No. 2: 231–233.

29. Sorokin P.A. (1999) Quantophrenia. Rubezh (Al'manakh sotsial'nykh issledovaniy) [Frontier (Almanac of Social Research)]. No. 13–14: 4–35. (In Russ.)

30. Tatarova G.G. (2007) Fundamentals of typological analysis in sociological research. Moscow: Vysshee obrazovanie i nauka. (In Russ.)

31. Tatarova G.G. (2008) Methodology of empirical sociology: ambivalence of development factors. Sotsiologiya: metodologiya, metody, matematicheskoye modelirovaniye [Sociology: methodology, methods, mathematical modeling]. No. 27: 3–29. (In Russ.)

32. Tatarova G.G. (2012) The concept of "social type" in empirical research. In: Sociology and Society: Global Challenges and Regional Development. Materials of the IV All-Russian Sociological Congress. URL: https://www.isras.ru/files/File/publ/Tatarova_IV_Kongress (1).pdf (accessed 25.03.2022) (In Russ.)

33. Tatarova G.G., Bessokirnaya G.P. (2018) On the Reliability of Measurements in the Process of Reconstructing Social Types of Workers as Objects of Management. Sociologicheskaja nauka i social'naja praktika [The journal Sociological Science and Social Practice]. Vol. 6. No. 2: 52–69. DOI: 10.19181/snsp.2018.6.2.5856. (In Russ.)

34. Tatarova G.G., Bessokirnaya G.P., Kuchenkova A.V. (2021) Subjective Well-Being at Work: Research Practices of Sociological Measurement. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 37–49. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250015546-3. (In Russ.)

35. Tatarova G.G., Kuchenkova A.V. (2016) Indicators of subjective well-being as characteristics for typology building. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 10: 21–32. (In Russ.)

36. Tolstova Yu.N. (1986) Ensuring the homogeneity of initial data in the process of applying mathematical methods. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 3: 149–154. (In Russ.)

37. Tolstova Yu.N. (1998a) Mathematical logic, theory of measurements and sociological “variable-oriented thinking”. Sotsiologiya: metodologiya, metody, matematicheskoye modelirovaniye [Sociology: methodology, methods, mathematical modeling]. No. 10: 122–141. (In Russ.)

38. Tolstova Yu.N. (1998b) Mathematical methods in sociology. In: Yadov V.A. (ed.) Sociology in Russia. Moscow: IS RAN: 83–89. (In Russ.)

39. Toshchenko Zh.T. (2019) From Phenomenon to Noumenon: а Methodological and Methodic Search. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 4: 3–14. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250004582-3. (In Russ.)

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up