Consumer Society: Case of Modeling Relationships between Consumerism and Religiousness

 
PIIS013216250019642-9-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250019642-9
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Assoc. Prof. Department of Sociology; Senior Research Fellow
Affiliation:
RUDN University
Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Head of the Laboratory
Affiliation: Institute of Sociology of FCTAS RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 7
Pages97-108
Abstract

This article is an attempt to establish the empirical validity of hypotheses describing the relationship between the evolution of consumer society and religion. Four hypotheses are considered: “secularization” (religion declines with the growing consumerization of societies), “radicalization” (the importance of religion rises in the face of the hostile values of rampant consumption), “commodification” (religion is assimilated by the consumer society as an area of spiritual services) and “the third variable” (religion is associated not with the development of consumption, but with economic development as such). Based on the available statistics for various countries of the world, ways to measure the levels of consumerization and the importance of religion in modern societies are sequentially considered, as well as statistical predictions of each of the four hypotheses. By analyzing the correlations between the consumerization index and the level of GDP, on the one hand, and individual religiosity and state support for religion, on the other hand, we checked whether the real data corresponded to that predictions. Based on the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that the expansion of the space of consumption opportunities is associated with a decrease in the level of individual religiosity in the cross-country context. That is, the first hypothesis is confirmed - about the connection between secularization and consumerization.

Keywordsconsumer society, consumerization, public wealth, religion, religiosity, secularization, radicalization, religion and state, cross-country comparisons
Received27.07.2022
Publication date22.09.2022
Number of characters29948
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 415

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Babich N.S., Batykov I.V. (2022) Index of the consumer society development: Theoretical basis and primary validation. Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Sociologiya [RUDN Journal of sociology]. No. 1: 84–96. (In Russ.)

2. Babich N.S., Khomenko V.I. (2013) Logical and practical difficulties of multidimensional measurement of religiosity. Sociologicheskij zhurnal [Sociological journal]. No. 2: 89–96. (In Russ.)

3. Berger P.L. (2019) Sacred Canopy: Elements of the Sociological Theory of Religion. Moscow: NLO. (In Russ.)

4. Prutskova E. (2012) The concept of religiosity: operationalization in empirical research. Gosudarstvo, religiya, cerkov' v Rossii i za rubezhom [State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide]. No. 2: 268–293. (In Russ.)

5. Turner B. (2012) Religion in a post-secular society. Gosudarstvo, religiya, cerkov' v Rossii i za rubezhom [State, Religion and Church in Russia and Worldwide]. No. 2: 24–25. (In Russ.)

6. Bauman Z., Donskis L. (2016) Liquid evil: living with TINA. Cambridge: Polity.

7. Bauman Z., Obirek S. (2015) Of God and Man. Cambridge: Polity.

8. Castells M., Hlebik S. Alternative Economic Practices in Barcelona: Surviving the Crisis, Reinventing Life. In: Another Economy is Possible. Ed. by M. Castells. Cambridge: Polity: 160–186.

9. Cohen J. (1988) Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum.

10. Fox J. (2019) A world survey of secular-religious competition: state religious policy from 1990 to 2014. Religion, State & Society. Vol. 47(1): 10–29. DOI: 10.1080/09637494.2018.1532750.

11. Gauthier F. (2019) Religion, modernity, globalisation: Nation-state to market. London: Routledge.

12. Hirschle J. (2014) Consumption as a source of social change. Social Forces. Vol. 92. No. 4: 1405–1433. DOI: 10.1093/sf/sou001.

13. Inglehart R.F. (2021) Religion's sudden decline: what's causing it, and what comes next? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

14. Inglehart R., Norris P. (2011) Sacred and Secular. Religion and Politics Worldwide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

15. Possamai A. (2014) Sociology of religion for generations X and Y. London: Routledge.

16. Strulik H. (2016) Secularization and Long‐Run Economic Growth. Economic Inquiry. Vol. 54. No. 1: 177–200. DOI: 10.1111/ecin.12242

17. Wieviorka M. (2012) Evil. Cambridge: Polity.

18. Wieviorka M. (2018) Europe facing evil: Xenophobia, racism, anti-semitism and terrorism. |In: Europe's crises. Ed. by M. Castells. Cambridge: Polity: 205–223.

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up