Pregnancy Terminations in Russia According to Official Statistics

 
PIIS013216250016791-3-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250016791-3
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: National Research University Higher School of Economics
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation: Department of Population and Healthcare Statistics, Rosstat
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 9
Pages257-266
Abstract

For a long period, Russia was among the world leaders in the prevalence of abortions, which was a serious public health problem. In the post-Soviet years, the induced abortion rates have been steadily declining, and today more than half of Russian women of reproductive age live in regions characterized by a low abortion rate even by European standards. The article describes in detail the evolution of statistical accounting for abortions in Russia. The most recent changes in registration forms for the first time produced a possibility to evaluate the contribution of non-governmental clinics to the total number of abortions and to distinguish between induced and spontaneous abortions, which have completely different causes. On the basis of official state statistics that are not routinely published by Rosstat, we conclude about a significant increase in the effectiveness of birth control in modern Russia. From the main instrument of regulation of the number of children and the timing of their births by families, abortion has turned into an emergency, “firefighting” measure. Analysis of regional differences showed that in some regions located mainly in the north and east of the country, the problem of abortion has not lost its relevance. Every sixth Russian woman of reproductive age live in regions with a relatively high level of induced abortions.

Keywordsreproductive health, reproductive behavior, birth control, abortion, family planning
AcknowledgmentThis article is a translation of: Сакевич В.И., Денисов Б.П., Никитина С.Ю. Прерывания беременности в России по данным официальной статистики // Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniia. 2021. No 9: 43–53. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250014958-6
Received24.09.2021
Publication date27.09.2021
Number of characters31821
Cite     Download pdf

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 763

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Avdeev A. (2011) Induced Abortion and Contraception in the 1990s – 2000s in the Mirror of Public and Private Statistics. In: Troitskaja I., Avdeev A. (eds) Fertility and Family Planning in Russia: History and Prospects. Moscow: TEIS: 9–36. (In Russ.)

2. Andreev E.M. (2012) On Accuracy of Russia Population Censuses Results and Level of Confidence in Different Sources of Information. Voprosy Statistiki. No. 11: 21–35. (In Russ.)

3. Avdeev A., Blum A., Troitskaja I. (1995) The History of Abortion Statistics in Russia and the USSR from 1900 to 1991. Population: An English Selection. No. 7: 39–66.

4. David H.P., Popov A.A. (1999) Russian Federation and USSR Successor States. In: David H.P., Skilogianis J. (eds) From Abortion to Contraception: A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present. Westport, CT; London: Greenwood Press: 223–258.

5. Denisov B., Sakevich V. (2014) Abortion in Post-Soviet Russia: Is There any Reason for Optimism? Demograficheskoe obozrenie [Demographic Review]. Vol. 1. No. 5: 50–68. DOI: 10.17323/ demreview.v1i5.3172.

6. Mkrtchyan N. (2019) Migration in the North Caucasus and the Accuracy of Statistics. Zhurnal issledovaniy sotsialnoy politiki [The Journal of Social Policy Studies]. Vol. 17. No. 1: 7–22. DOI: 10.17323/727- 0634-2019-17-1-7-22. (In Russ.)

7. Ryazantsev S.V., Rostovskaya T.K., Sigareva E.P., Sivoplyasova S.Yu. (2019) Abortions and Abortive Behavior in the Context of Searching for Demographic Development. Ekologiya cheloveka [Human Ecology]. No. 7: 17–23. DOI: 10.33396/1728-0869-2019-7-17-23. (In Russ.)

8. Singh S., Remez L., Sedgh G., Kwok L., Onda T. (2018) Abortion Worldwide 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access. U.S.: Guttmacher Institute. URL: https://www.guttmacher.org/report/abortion- worldwide-2017 (accessed 21.04.21).

9. Starodubov V.I., Sukhanova L.P. (2012) Reproductive Problems of Demographic Development in Russia. Moscow: Menedzher zdravoohraneniya. (In Russ.)

10. Sukhanova L.P. (2013) Statistical Information on the State of the Problem of Abortion and Infertility in the Russian Federation. Moscow: FGBU TSNIIOIZ. (In Russ.)

11. Vishnevsky A.G. (ed.) (2006) Demographic Modernization of Russia, 1900–2000. Moscow: Novoe izdatel'stvo. (In Russ.)

12. Vishnevsky A., Denisov B., Sakevich V. (2017) The Contraceptive Revolution in Russia. Demografitcheskoe obozrenie [Demographic Review]. Vol. 4. No. 5: 86–108. DOI: 10.17323/demreview.v4i5.8570.

13. Zhukov V.I. (2018) Legislation on Abortion: World Trends and National Interests. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 3: 113–123. DOI: 10.7868/S0132162518030121. (In Russ.)

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up