Post-Marxism in Sociology. Part II

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Prof.; Leading Researcher, Head of the Department of Social Philosophy
National Research University “Higher School of Economics”
Institute of Philosophy RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 5

In the second part of the study of the historical dynamics of the concept of "post-Marxism" in sociology the author notes that with the collapse of communism different Marxists begin to conceptualize the term in their own way. At the same time, two trends in the use of the concept (self-description and the accusation of "revisionism"), originating in the 1980’s, persisted until the late 1990’s, when the concept became analytically important for sociology and finally lost its negative connotations. The paper states that academic works on post-Marxism of the 2000’s and 2010’s can be divided into two categories. In the first one, researchers attempt to independently theorize the concept. In the second category scholars try to describe post–Marxism as a sociological "tradition" based on the selected criteria, the genealogy of which the authors see in the theories of Rosa Luxemburg, Cornelius Castoriadis, but most often in the book "Hegemony and Socialist Strategy" by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe. There is no consensus among sociologists regarding the use of the concept of "post-Marxism". For example, sociologist Oliver Harrison believes that it is necessary to decide who is a post-Marxist and who is not, in each specific case. The author of the article comes to the conclusion that today almost any Marxist sociologist working in the paradigm of Marxist sociology can be called a post-Marxist, especially since even among radical thinkers there seems to be an understanding that Marxism and post-Marxism cannot be separated. After all, post-Marxism remains Marxism.

Keywordstheoretical sociology, Marxism, post-Marxism, ex-Marxism, capitalism, practical philosophy
Publication date28.06.2021
Number of characters32430
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