Formation of National Elites as a Factor of the USSR Disintegration

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Professor
Affiliation: St.-Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, St. Petersburg
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 8

The disintegration of the USSR was a natural consequence of the Soviet national policy aimed at accelerating the modernization of the Union republics and equalizing their levels of development. By launching the process of the de-Russification (korenizatsiya) managerial personnel, Moscow has contributed to the formation of modern national elites on the ground. The implementation of the national-state construction project led to the nationalization of ethnic and interethnic relations and the sovereignization of the Union republics, а key factor in the collapse of the USSR.

Keywordsdisintegration of the Soviet Union, national politics, korenization policy, ethnic structure of the state apparatus, ethnic discrimination, de-Russification of the government bodies
AcknowledgmentThis research was supported by grant No. 20-09-00353 from RFBR “The disintegration of the Soviet Union in the Human Dimension: An Interdisciplinary Study”.
Publication date27.09.2021
Number of characters46846
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