Formation of National Elites as a Factor of the USSR Disintegration

 
PIIS013216250014306-9-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250014306-9
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Professor
Affiliation: St.-Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, St. Petersburg
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 8
Pages33-48
Abstract

The disintegration of the USSR was a natural consequence of the Soviet national policy aimed at accelerating the modernization of the Union republics and equalizing their levels of development. By launching the process of the de-Russification (korenizatsiya) managerial personnel, Moscow has contributed to the formation of modern national elites on the ground. The implementation of the national-state construction project led to the nationalization of ethnic and interethnic relations and the sovereignization of the Union republics, а key factor in the collapse of the USSR.

Keywordsdisintegration of the Soviet Union, national politics, korenization policy, ethnic structure of the state apparatus, ethnic discrimination, de-Russification of the government bodies
AcknowledgmentThis research was supported by grant No. 20-09-00353 from RFBR “The disintegration of the Soviet Union in the Human Dimension: An Interdisciplinary Study”.
Received01.08.2021
Publication date27.09.2021
Number of characters46846
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 625

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. All-Union Population Census of 1926: in 56 vols. (1928–1930) Vol. 18–34. (In Russ.)

2. All-Union Population Census of 1959: Russian State Archive of Economics (RSAE). F. 1562. Central Statistical Office of the USSR, op. 336, d. 2871–2890, 2893, 2898, 2890, 2904, 2924, 2928, 2938, 2839, 2939, 2949.

3. All-Union Population Census of 1979: RSAE. F. 1562, op. 336, d. 7466-7473, 7490, 7500, 7501, 7503, 7505, 7508, 7510.

4. All–Union Population Census of 1989: RSAE. F. 1562, op. 69, d. 2570–2578.

5. Amanzholova D.A., Krasovitskya T.Yu. (2020) Cultural Complexity of Soviet Russia: Ideology and Management Practices. 1917-1941. Moscow: Novyi Khronograf. (In Russ.)

6. Artemyev A. P. (1975) Fraternal Combat Union of the Peoples of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War. Moscow: Mysl’. (In Russ.)

7. Arutyunyan Yu.V., Drobizheva L.M. (2016) Passed Paths and Some Problems of Modern Russian Ethnosociology. Ethnosociology Yesterday and Today. Ed. and comp. L.V. Ostapenko, I.A. Subbotina. Moscow: IEA RAN: 29–38. (In Russ.)

8. Beissinger M. R. (2002) Nationalist Mobilization and the Collapse of the Soviet State. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

9. Brubaker R. (1994) Nationhood and the National Question in the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Eurasia: An Institutional Account. Theory and Society. Vol. 23. No. 1: 47–78.

10. Burovskii A. M. (2004) The Collapse of the Empire: The Course of Unknown History. Moscow: AST.

11. Democratization and Images of Nationalism in the Russian Federation of the 90's. (1996) Ed. by L.M. Drobizheva. Moscow: Mysl’. (In Russ.)

12. Drobizheva L.M. (2003) Social Problems of Interethnic Relations in Post-Soviet Russia. Moscow: TsOTs. (In Russ.)

13. Ethnicity and Power in Multi-Ethnic States: Proceedings of the International Conference [25–27 Jan.]. (1993)/ Ed. V.A. Tishkov. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

14. Fedorchenko S.N. (2010) The Problem of Quotas in the Russian State Personnel Policy. National Security: The Scientific and State Management Content: Materials of the All-Russian Scientific Conference. December 4, 2009. Moscow: Nauchnyi Ekspert: 692–705. (In Russ.)

15. General Summary of the Empire Results of the Development of Data from the First General Population Census, Made on January 28, 1897: in 2 vols. (1905) Vol. 2. St. Petersburg: tip. N.L. Nyrkina. (In Russ.)

16. Hirsch F. (2005) Empire of Nations. Ethnographic Knowledge and the Making of Soviet Union. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

17. How has the Population of the Former Soviet Republics Changed over the Past 30 Years? URL: URL: https://zen.yandex.ru/media/show_me_world/kak-izmenilas-chislennost-naseleniia-byvshih-sovetskih-respublik-za-poslednie-30-let-5dab00208600e100b133a238?utm_source=serp (accessed 06.11.2020). (In Russ.)

18. Informal Ethnic Quotas in the Multi-Ethnic Republics of the North Caucasus: Analytical Report. (2017) Makhachkala. (In Russ.)

19. Lane D. (1996) The Gorbachev Revolution: The Role of the Political Elite in Regime Disintegration. Political Studies. Vol. XLIV. No. 4: 4–23.

20. Martin T. (2011) The Empire of "Positive Activity": Nations and Nationalism in the USSR, 1923-1939. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

21. Mironov B.N. (2017) Management of Ethnic Diversity of the Russian Empire. St. Petersburg: Dm. Bulanin. (In Russ.)

22. Mironov B.N. (2021) Disintegration of the USSR in Historiography: Collapse or Decay. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Istoriya [Bulletin of St. Petersburg University. History]. Vol. 66. Iss. 1: 132–147. (In Russ.)

23. Mironov B.N. (2018) The Russian Empire: From Tradition to Modernity: in 3 vols. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. Saint Petersburg: Dm. Bulanin. (In Russ.)

24. National Economy of the USSR in 1989. (1990) Moscow: Finansy i Statistika. (In Russ.)

25. Public Education and Culture in the USSR. Statistical Collection. (1989) Moscow: Finansy i Statistika. (In Russ.)

26. Results of the all-Union Population Census of 1970: in 10 vols. (1971) Vol. 8, part 1. (1973) Moscow. (In Russ.)

27. Russian: Ethnosociological Essays. (1992) Ed. by Yu.V. Arutyunyan. Moscow: Nauka.

28. Slezkine Y. (1994) The USSR as a Communal Apartment, or How a Socialist State Promoted Ethnic Particularism. Slavic Review. Vol. 53. No. 2: 414–452.

29. Social and cultural distances: the experience of multinational Russia. (1998) Ed. by L.M. Drobizheva. Moscow: IS RAN. (In Russ.)

30. Social Inequality of Ethnic Groups: Representations and Reality. (2002) Ed. by L.M. Drobizheva, Moscow: Academia. (In Russ.)

31. Sovereignty and Ethnic Self-Consciousness: Ideology and Practice. (1995) Ed. by L.M. Drobizheva, T.S. Guzenkova. Moscow: IEA RAN. (In Russ.)

32. Tishkov V.A. (1994) Nationalities and Nationalism in the Post-Soviet Space: Historical Aspect. Ethnicity and Power in Multi-Ethnic States: Proceedings of the International Conference [25–27 Jan.] 1993. Ed. by V.A. Tishkov. Moscow: Nauka: 9–34. (In Russ.)

33. Tishkov V.A. (1996) Conceptual Evolution of National Policy in Russia, Moscow: IEA RAN. (In Russ.)

34. Tishkov V.A. (1997) Essays on the Theory and Policy of Ethnicity in Russia. Moscow: Russkii mir. (In Russ.)

35. Tishkov V.A., Shabaev Yu.P. (2011) Ethnopolitology: Political Functions of Ethnicity: Moscow: Moskovsk. un-t. (In Russ.)

36. Toshchenko Zh.T. (2003) Ethnocracy: History and Modernity (Sociological Essays). Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

37. Values and Symbols of Ethnic Self-Awareness. (1994) Ed. by L.M. Drobizheva, Moscow: IEA RAN. (In Russ.)

38. Walker E. W. (2003) Dissolution: Sovereignty and the Breakup of the Soviet Union. Berkeley (Calif.): Berkeley Publ. Policy Press.

39. А Conflict Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflicts. (1995) Ed. by L. M. Drobizheva, Moscow: IEA RAN. (In Russ.)

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up