The Language Situation among Buryat Schoolchildren of Russia, Mongolia and China

 
PIIS013216250014005-8-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250014005-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Assoc. Prof.; Senior Researcher
Affiliation:
Buryat State University
Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies, Siberian Branch of RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Ulan-Ude
Occupation: Leading Researcher
Affiliation: Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies, Siberian Branch of RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Ulan-Ude
Occupation: Assoc. Prof.
Affiliation: Buryat State University
Address: Russian Federation, Ulan-Ude
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 2
Pages146-151
Abstract

In the transboundary conditions of the globalizing world, the Buryat language found itself in a difficult situation: territorial dispersion and dialectal fragmentation cause a rapid decrease in the number of active speakers and narrowing the scope of its application. The sociological survey (2015–2017) conducted among Buryat schoolchildren in Russia, Mongolia and China shows that even those who consider Buryat to be their native language and have known it since childhood, use mainly the majority language of the ethnic majority outside the narrow family circle. Today the family remains practically the only agent ensuring the preserving the Buryat language and its transmission to the next generation. The school, on the other hand, performs rather an auxiliary function: it hinders the process of linguistic assimilation of children and adolescents – active speakers of the Buryat language.

KeywordsBuryat language, language assimilation, monitoring of the language situation, Buryat schoolchildren, Russia, Mongolia, China
AcknowledgmentThe article was prepared within the framework of a state assignment (the project “Russia and Inner Asia: dynamics of geopolitical, socio-economic and intercultural interaction”).
Received24.02.2021
Publication date25.03.2021
Number of characters17062
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1. Bazheeva T.P. (2009) Children in the Linguistic Space of the Republic of Buryatia. Ulan-Ude: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN. (In Russ.)

2. Dyrkheeva G.A. (2002) Buryat Language in Conditions of Bilingualism: Problems of Functioning and Development Prospects. Ulan-Ude: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN. (In Russ.)

3. Dyrkheeva G.A., Budaev B.Zh., Bazheeva T.P. (1999) Buryat Language: Current State (Sociolinguistic Aspect). Ulan-Ude: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN. (In Russ.)

4. Dyrkheeva G.A., Darzhaeva N.B., Balzhinimaeva Ts.Ts. et al. (2009) Buryat Language in a Multicultural Space (Sociolinguistic and Historical Research). Ulan-Ude: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN. (In Russ.)

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