Dynamic Analysis of Achievement and Opportunity Inequality in Russian School Education

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Associate Professor
Affiliation: Bashkir State University
Address: Russian Federation, Ufa
Occupation: Senior Researcher at the Institute of Social and Economic Research
Affiliation: Ufa Scientific Centre of RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Ufa
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 9

The work deals with studying dynamics of opportunities inequalities in the educational achievements of Russian students. The research is based on the data from the Program for the International Student Assessment (PISA), waves 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012, 2015, 2018. The methodology is based on a parametric approach and ex-ante definition of equality of opportunity. In the period under review, dynamics of inequality in educational achievements is rather unstable, with a downward trend in all three areas of literacy under consideration. The greatest level of inequality of opportunity is observed in reading. In the period 2003-2012, the opportunity inequality tended to rise. In 2015, the level of opportunity inequality fell significantly in all three literacy areas, but grew again in 2018. Сontribution of the family background to the inequality of opportunities in educational achievements of Russian students is very high — approximately 60-80%, that is, economic and cultural aspects are almost equally important. Spatial factor also plays a significant role tending to increase in recent years. A specific feature is significant contribution of gender to the inequality of opportunities for reading literacy.

Keywordsinequality of educational opportunities; individual achievements; circumstances, efforts, PISA
AcknowledgmentThe reported study was funded by RFBR, research project №19–010–00453.
Publication date27.09.2021
Number of characters20649
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 1, views: 1264

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Barone C., Ruggera L. (2018) Educational equalization stalled? Trends in inequality of educational opportunity between 1930 and 1980 across 26 European nations. European Societies. Vol. 20. No. 1: 1–25.

2. Demidova M. Yu, Kovaleva G.S. (2011) Natural science training of schoolchildren: according to the results of the PISA International Studies. Narodnoe obrazovanie [National education]. No. 5: 157–165. (In Russ.)

3. Ersado L., Gignoux J. (2017) Egypt: inequality of opportunity in education. Middle East Development Journal. Vol. 9. No. 1: 22–54.

4. Ferreira F., Gignoux J. (2014) The Measurement of Educational Inequality: Achievement and Opportunity. World Bank Economic Review. Vol. 28: 210–246.

5. Kapuza A.V., Kersha Yu.D., Zakharov A.B., Khavenson T.E. (2017) Educational Attainment and Social Inequality in Russia: Dynamics and Correlations with Education Policies. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Questions of Education]. No. 4: 10–35. (In Russ.)

6. Khavenson T., Chirkina T. (2018) Effectively Maintained Inequality: The Choice of Postsecondary Educational Trajectory in Russia. Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya [Journal of Economic Sociology]. No. 5(19): 66–89. (In Russ.)

7. Khavenson T., Chirkina T. (2019) Student Educational Choice after the 9th and 11th Grades: Comparing the Primary and Secondary Effects of Family Socioeconomic Status. Zhurnal issledovaniy social'noy politiki [Journal of Social Policy Studies]. No. 4(17): 539–554. (In Russ.)

8. Kovaleva G.S. (2011) Results of the international PISA study: Quality of Education. Narodnoe obrazovanie [National education]. No. 4: 193–200. (In Russ.)

9. Kuzmina Yu.V., Tyumeneva Yu.A. (2011) Readers literacy of 15‑year-olds: the importance of family, individual and school characteristics (according to the russian sample PISA 2009). Voprosy obrazovaniya [Questions of Education]. No. 3: 164–191. (In Russ.)

10. Luongo P. (2015) Inequality of opportunity in educational achievements: Cross-country and intertemporal comparisons. WIDER Working Paper No. 043.

11. Pentin A. Yu, Kovaleva G.S., Davydova E.I., Smirnova E.S. (2018) Science Education in Russia According to the Results of the TIMSS and PISA International Studies. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Questions of Education]. No. 1: 79–109. (In Russ.)

12. Popov D.S., Tyumeneva Yu.A., Kuzmina Yu.V. (2012) Modern Educational Trajectories of High School and University Students. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 2: 135–143. (In Russ.)

13. Shorrocks A. F. (2012) Decomposition procedures for distributional analysis: a unified framework based on the Shapley value. The Journal of Economic Inequality. Vol.11. Iss. 1: 99–126.

Система Orphus