Origins and Backgrounds of Indigenous Resistance in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Expert of the Educational and Scientific Center for the Study of Ethnopolitical and Ethnocultural Processes
Affiliation: Russian State University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Prof. of the Faculty of Business and Commerce
Affiliation: Kansai University
Address: Japan, Osaka
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 11

Factors of aboriginal protest in Yamal are in the focus of the article. Drawing upon the field studies of 2017–2019 the authors have sought to reconstruct processes occurred among indigenous people over past ten years and identified several acute problems and contradictions that couldn’t be adequately resolved for a long period of time. It has been illustrated that aboriginal reindeer herding peoples of Yamal basically became entangled in the traditional way of life without having an opportunity to leave tundra as a result of uncertainty over employment prospects elsewhere or to have traditional livelihood because of constantly emerging conflicts with resource-based companies and decline in area of tundra pasture alienated in favor of the fuel and energy complex. Despite the numerous legal instruments and special organizations aimed at protecting the interests of small indigenous peoples of the North the latest in fact remain powerless in the face of gas-producing corporations and are deprived of the opportunity to influence the processes occurring in native region. The reasons given have provided the basis of the aboriginal resistance taking the form of network protest in the activities of the open group “The Voice of Tundra” on VK social network.

KeywordsIndigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, reindeer herders communities, indigenous resistance, “The Voice of the Tundra” VK group
Publication date22.12.2020
Number of characters24857
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