The State of Scientific Sphere of the Republic of Belarus: Statistical Data Analysis

 
PIIS013216250009623-8-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250009623-8
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Head of the Chair of Sociology
Affiliation: Belarusian State University
Address: Belarus, Minsk
Occupation: Head of the Department
Affiliation: Belarusian Institute of System Analysis and Information Support of Scientific and Technical Sphere
Address: Belarus, Minsk
Occupation: Assoc. Prof. of the Chair of Sociology
Affiliation: Belarusian State University
Address: Belarus, Minsk
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 7
Pages15-26
Abstract

The problems of adapting the scientific sphere of the Republic of Belarus to functioning under sovereignty are given analysis to. Four stages of its transformation and features are identified. A comparative analysis of the level of resource support of science is carried out. Its results state that the former USSR countries, including Belarus, are far behind the average level of the EU countries as far as research and development costs and staffing in the scientific sphere are concerned. The significant decline in resource support of science in Belarus happened in the period from 1991 to 1996 and then kept at approximately the same level. Effectiveness of innovative activity is found out to be dependent on the level of resource support of the scientific sphere. Underfunding of science entails insufficient production of new knowledge and technologies. The level of publication activity of Belarusian scientists in high-rated academic journals included in the international Scopus and Web of Science databases remains low.

Keywordsscientific sphere of the Republic of Belarus, adaptation, innovative activity, human resources, global innovation index, publication activity in Scopus and Web of Science databases
Received08.05.2020
Publication date01.08.2020
Number of characters29032
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