Lenin as Sociаl Тhinker

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Professor at Department of Political Economy of Faculty of Economics, Director of Center for Modern Marxist Studies at Faculty of Philosophy
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Chief of the Laboratory on Comparative Studies of Socio-Economic Systems at the Faculty of Economics; Head Scientist
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Institute of Economy RAS
Address: Russian Federation
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 4

The growing public demand for profound changes in social life makes the issues of nature, causes, driving forces, forms and methods of struggle for change and against them especially relevant. These are fundamental problems of social sciences, and addressing them becomes a reason to recall the theoretical legacy of V.I. Ulyanov, updating the formal reason for such an appeal – the 150th anniversary of the birth of this thinker.

Critically analyzing the legacy of Lenin, the author of the article highlights, firstly, the relevance of the study of material, lying in the field of social production, and economic relations, the foundations of social structuring of society, values, motives and behavior patterns of social groups and people, on the one hand; the role of social actors as creators of history, on the other. At the same time, emphasis is placed on the study of historically specific conditions (stages of development of society) and social contradictions in these interactions.

Secondly, the Leninist theory of classes is developing (including the theory of not only inter- but also intra-class contradictions, the historical diffusion of classes, their transformation, etc.), as well as the class struggle in the whole variety of its forms (from class compromises to reforms and revolutions) and types, including the struggle of the bourgeoisie against employed workers.

Thirdly, it is shown that a social study of the problem of reforms (counter-reforms) and revolutions (counter-revolutions) in modern conditions is becoming a highly urgent, and that the deep eco-socio-humanitarian-oriented changes that are in demand today can become a reality only subject to the activation of socialist and communist socio-political actors.

Keywordsmethodology and theory of social science, social structure of society, social reforms, revolutions, Marxism, Lenin
Publication date27.04.2020
Number of characters31671
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