Publication type Article
Status Approved
Affiliation: Leiden University
Address: Netherlands, Leiden
Address: Russian Federation, Novosibirsk

This article is devoted to site catchment analysis of settlements occupied during the Middle – Late Holocene in the central part of the Baraba Lowland. In accordance with existing theory, buffer zones with different radius were built around each settlement. Proportion of river valleys area was calculated within each buffer zone. River valleys took the biggest part of zones during dry conditions, and percentage of gently rolling plain within zones grows during increase of moistening. Zones with 1 km radius were more important for all populations than zones with 5 km and 10 km radius during dry conditions. High percentage of river valleys within zones did not determine human choices concerning settlements’ location during moderate conditions. Population occupied areas with meadows (not bogged and not flooded lands) used for animal husbandry during wet and very wet conditions, but foragers settled close to rivers. Thus, populations had paleolandscape preferences mainly determined by climatic conditions and economic system during the Middle – Late Holocene in the study area. The data obtained can be applied for regions characterized by similar paleolandscapes.

KeywordsGIS, landscape archaeology, Western Siberia, paleolandscape, site catchment analysis, Holocene
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