The relation between child individual differences and well-being: the moderation effects of family environment

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Junior research scientist
Affiliation: Research Institute of physiology and fundamental medicine
Address: Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk-117, a / I 237
Occupation: Principal Research Scientist
Affiliation: Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine, Novosibirsk State University
Address: Timakova street, 4
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 42 Issue 1

The aim of this study was to explore the interactions between child individual differences and family environment in the prediction of well-being in Russian preschool children. Participants were primary caregivers of 652 children aged 2–7 years. The majority of interactions were consistent with a diathesis–stress model: the contributions of Agreeableness to prosocial behavior and Conscientiousness to externalizing problems were larger in the presence of low parental positivity and involvement; the protective effect of Extraversion on internalizing problems and the protective effect of Agreeableness on impact of problems on everyday life were larger in the presence of highly punitive parenting. Consistent with a differential susceptibility model, children low in Openness showed more total problems when faced with low positive parenting and fewer problems when experiencing high-quality parenting. 

Keywordschild individual differences, family environment, child well-being, preschool age, person-by-environment interactions
AcknowledgmentThis work was supported by the federal budget for fundamental research (topic No. AAAA-A16-116021010228-0, data analysis), a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (No. 16-18-00003, data collection) and a grant from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (No. 19-013-00034 , preparation of the article)
Publication date20.01.2021
Number of characters25725
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