Nikolay Efimovich Rumyantsev: “The apostle of labor and creativity”

 
PIIS020595920012590-5-1
DOI10.31857/S020595920012590-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Associate Professor of the Department of management psychology
Affiliation: Lobachevsky state University of Nizhny Novgorod
Address: Nizhny Novgorod, Gagarin av. 23
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 41 Issue 6
Pages69-77
Abstract

The article is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the death of Nikolay Efimovich Rumyantsev (1876–1919), a colleague of Professor A.P. Nechaev, now he is almost forgotten, and at the beginning of the twentieth century he was famous among the first pedagogical psychologists. Having been the founder of educational psychology in Russia, the organizer of the first psychological congresses in educational psychology (1906, 1909), together with A.P. Nechaev created the psychological laboratory in the Solyanoy City and pedagogical courses for teachers, N.E. Rumyantsev lived a short and vibrant life. In addition to active educational activities in Saint-Petersburg and many publications, thanks to which his name became known to provincial educators and psychologists, contemporaries found out about him after the release of his book with a description of involuntarily acquired experience — the experience of captivity in Germany, where he arrived in 1913 for an internship in laboratories of W. Wundt and G.E. Müller. Returning to Russia in 1917, he again embarked on enlightenment, when his main idea was to create a new type of school — a labor school, where psychologically educated teachers can work, with all the attention and respect for the personality of a student. Radical changes in the country transferred him to Siberia, where he tirelessly popularized the ideas of educational psychology and put them into real practice.

Keywordshistory of psychology, pedology, pedagogical psychology, experiment in pedagogy, internship in German laboratories, World War I, labor school
Received15.11.2020
Publication date27.11.2020
Number of characters28605
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