Regulatory capacities in childhood: current knowledge and assessment methods

Publication type Article
Status Published
Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine
Novosibirsk State University
Address: 630117, Novosibirsk, Timakova st., 4; Novosibirsk, Russia; 630090, Novosibirsk, Pirogova st., 1, Russia
Affiliation: Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine
Address: 630117, Novosibirsk, Timakova st., 4; Novosibirsk, Russia
Affiliation: Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine
Address: 630117, Novosibirsk, Timakova st., 4; Novosibirsk, Russia
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 39 №4

hildren’s self-regulation has been the subject of research within different fields. Different terms are used in different areas to describe self-regulatory constructs, such as effortful control and executive function, the Russian terminology also varies considerably. The main methods used for assessing children’s regulatory capacities are parent questionnaires, psychophysiological measures and behavioral tasks; each has a number of strengths and weaknesses. Research has shown that regulatory capacities in childhood predict predict important life outcomes such as conscience, social competence, empathy, physical and mental health, affluence and low aggressiveness in later life. Low self- regulation is related to higher levels of behavioral and emotional problems in adulthood as well as substance dependence and criminal offending outcomes.

Keywordsregulatory capacities, effortful control, development, children, inhibitory control, attention, well-being, behavioral multitask batteries
Publication date14.10.2018
Number of characters1086
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной

views: 1142

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Vilenskaya G.A. Kontrol' povedeniya i razvitie individual'nosti // Obrazovatel'naya politika. 2014. № 2. P. 46–52. (in Russian).

2. Kozlova E.A., Slobodskaya E.R., Akhmetova O.A. Individual'nye osobennosti i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie kharakteristiki sem'i kak faktory psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya detei // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya. 2014. V. 10. P. 46– 53. (in Russian).

3. Kolmagorova A.V., Slobodskaya E.R., Gartshtein M.E. Adaptatsiya russkoyazychnoi versii oprosnika dlya izucheniya temperamenta detei rannego vozrasta // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 2008. V. 29. P. 121–136. (in Russian).

4. Kuznetsova V.B., Kozlova E.A. Sovremennye predstavleniya o samokontrole: obzor zarubezhnoi literatury // Teoreticheskaya i eksperimental'naya psikhologiya. 2016. V. 9. P. 84– 94. (in Russian).

5. Machinskaya I.R. Funktsional'noe sozrevanie mozga i formirovanie neirofiziologicheskikh mekhanizmov izbiratel'nogo proizvol'nogo vnimaniya u detei mladshego shkol'nogo vozrasta // Fiziologiya cheloveka. 2006. V. 32. P. 26–36. (in Russian).

6. Piradov M.A., Suponeva N.A., Seliverstov Yu.A., Lagoda D.Yu., Sergeev D.V., Kremneva E.I., et al. Vozmozhnosti sovremennykh metodov neirovizualizatsii v izuchenii spontannoi aktivnosti golovnogo mozga v sostoyanii pokoya // Nevrologicheskii zhurnal. 2016. № 1. P. 4–12. (in Russian).

7. Savina E.A. Problema razvitiya proizvol'noi regulyatsii u detei v sovremennoi zapadnoi psikhologii // Covremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya. 2015. V.4. P. 45–54 (in Russian).

8. Sergienko E.A. Kontrol' povedeniya: individual'nye resursy sub’ektnoi regulyatsii // Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya: elektron. nauch. zhurn. 2009. №5 (in Russian).

9. Sergienko E.A., Vilenskaya G.A., Kovaleva Yu.V. Kontrol' povedeniya kak sub"ektnaya regulyatsiya. Moscow: Izd-vo “Institut psikhologii RAN”, 2010. 352 p. (in Russian).

10. Allan N.P., Lonigan C.J. Examining the dimensionality of effortful control in preschool children and its relation to academic and socioemotional indicators // Dev. Psychol. 2011. V. 47. P. 905–915.

11. Archibald S.J., Kerns K.A. Identification and Description of New Tests of Executive Functioning in Children // Child Neuropsychol. 2010. P. 115–129.

12. Bates J.E., Bayles K. Objective and subjective components in mothers’ perceptions of their children from age 6 months to 3 years // Merrill-Palmer Quarterly. 1984. P. 111–130.

13. Blair C., Razza R.P. Relating Effortful Control, Executive Function, and False Belief Understanding to Emerging Math and Literacy Ability in Kindergarten // Child Dev. 2007. V. 78. P. 647–663.

14. Brock L.L., Rimm-Kaufman S.E., Nathanson L., Grimm K.J. The contributions of “hot” and “cool” executive function to children’s academic achievement, learning-related behaviors, and engagement in kindergarten // Early Child. Res. Quarterly. 2009. V. 24. P. 337–349.

15. Bull R., Scerif G. Executive functioning as a predictor of children's mathematics ability: Inhibition, switching, and working memory // Dev. Neuropsychol. 2001. V. 19. P. 273–293.

16. Catale C., Meulemans T. The Real Animal Size Test (RAST). A New Measure of Inhibitory Control for Young Children // Europ. Journ. Psychol. Assess. 2009. V. 25. P.83–91.

17. Chang H., Olson S.L., Sameroff A.J., Sexton H.R. Child effortful control as a mediator of parenting practices on externalizing behavior // Journ. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 2011. V. 39. P. 71–81.

18. De Ridder D.T.D., Lensvelt-Mulders G., Finkenauer C., Stok F.M., Baumeister R.F. Taking stock of self-control: A metaanalysis of how trait self-control relates to a wide range of behaviors // Pers. Soc. Psychol. Rev. 2012. V. 16. P. 76–99.

19. DeLisi M., Vaughn M.G. Foundation for a temperament-based theory of antisocial behavior and criminal justice system involvement // Journ. Crim, Justice. 2014. V. 42. P. 10–25.

20. Domitrovich C., Cortes R., Greenberg M. Improving young children's social and emotional competence: A randomized trial of the preschool “PATHS” curriculum // Journ. Prim. Prevent. 2007. V. 28. P. 67–91.

21. Dreisbach G., Fischer R. The role of affect and reward in the conflict-triggered adjustment of cognitive control // Human neuroscience. 2012. V. 6. P. 342.

22. Duckworth A.L., Kern M. A meta-analysis of the convergent validity of self-control measures // Journ. Res. Pers. 2011. V. 45. P. 259–268.

23. Durbin C.E., Hayden E.P., Klein D.N., Olino T.M. Stability of laboratory-assessed temperamental emotionality traits from ages 3 to 7 // Emotion. 2007. V. 7. P. 388–399.

24. Eisenberg N. Temperamental effortful control (self-regulation). Encyclopedia on Early Childhood Development. 2012. V. 1. P. 1–5.

25. Eisenberg N., Ma Y., Chang L., Zhou Q., West S.G., Aiken L. Relations of effortful control, reactive undercontrol, and anger to Chinese children's adjustment // Dev. and Psychopath. 2007. V. 19. P. 385–409.

26. Espy K.A., McDiarmid M.M., Cwik M.F., Stalets M.M., Hamby A., Senn T.E. The contribution of executive functions to emergent mathematic skills in preschool children // Dev. Neuropsychol. 2004. V. 26. P. 465–486.

27. Fox N.A., Calkins S.D. The development of self-control of emotion: Intrinsic and extrinsic influences // Motivation and Emotion. 2003. V.27. P. 7–26.

28. Gagne J.R. Self-Control in Childhood: A Synthesis of Perspectives and Focus on Early Development // Child Dev. Perspect. 2017. V. 0. P. 1–6.

29. Garon N., Bryson S.E., Smith I.M. Executive Function in Preschoolers: A Review Using an Integrative Framework // Psychol. bull. 2008. V. 143. P. 31–60.

30. Gartstein M.A., Knyazev G.G., Slobodskaya H.R. Cross-cultural differences in the structure of infant temperament: United States of America (U.S.) and Russia // Infant Beh. and Dev. 2005. V. 28. P. 54–61.

31. Gartstein M.A., Rothbart M.K. Studying infant temperament via a revision of the infant behavior questionnaire // Infant Beh. and Dev. 2003. V. 26. P. 64–86.

32. Gartstein M.A., Slobodskaya H.R., Kinsht I.A. Cross-cultural differences in the first year of life: United States of America (U.S.) and Russia // Intern. Journ. Beh. Dev. 2003. V. 27. P. 316–328.

33. Gerstadt C.L., Hong Y.J., Diamond A. The relationship between cognition and action: Performance of children 312–7 years old on a Stroop-like daynight test // Cognition. 1994. V. 53. P. 129–153.

34. Halverson C.F., Havill V.L., Deal J., Baker S.R., Victor J., Pavlopoulos V. et al. Personality structure as derived from parental ratings of free descriptions of children: The Inventory of Child Individual Differences // Journ. Pers. 2003. V. 71. P. 995–1026.

35. Hart S., Field T., Roitfarb M. Depressed mothers' assessments of their neonates' behaviors // Journ. Infant Mental Health. 1999. V. 20. P. 200–210.

36. Heatherton T.F., Wagner D.D. Cognitive neuroscience of selfregulation failure // Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 2011. V. 15. P. 132–139.

37. Kagan J., Fox N.A. Biology, culture, and temperamental biases // Handbook of child psychology: Social, emotional and personality development, 6th ed. / Eds. Damon W., Lerner R., Eisenberg N. New York: Wiley, 2006. P. 167–225.

38. Karreman A., Van Tuijl C., Van Aken M.A., Deković M. Parenting, coparenting, and effortful control in preschoolers // Journ. Family Psychol. 2008. V. 22. P. 30–40.

39. Kelley W.M., Wagner, D.D., Heatherton, T.F. In search of a human self-regulation system // Annu. Rev. Neurosc. 2015. V. 38. P. 389–411.

40. Kim S., Nordling J.K., Yoon J.E., Boldt L.J., Kochanska G. Effortful Control in “Hot” and “Cool” Tasks Differentially Predicts Children’s Behavior Problems and Academic Performance // Journ. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 2013. V. 41. P. 43–56.

41. Kochanska G., Knaack A. Effortful Control as a Personality Characteristic of Young Children: Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences // Journ. Pers. 2003. V. 71. P. 1087–1112.

42. Kochanska G., Murray K., Coy K.C. Inhibitory Control as a Contributor to Conscience in Childhood: From Toddler to Early School Age // Child Dev. 1997. V. 68. P. 263–277.

43. Kochanska G., Murray K.T., Harlan, E.T. Effortful control in early childhood: continuity and change, antecedents, and implications for social development // Dev. Rsychol. 2000. V. 36. P. 220–232.

44. Lengua L.J, Honorado E, Bush N.R. Contextual risk and parenting as predictors of effortful control and social competence in preschool children // Journ. App. Dev. Psychol. 2003. V. 28. P. 40–55.

45. Martin-Rhee M.M., Bialstok E. The development of two types of inhibitory control in monolingual and bilingual children // Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 2008. V. 11. P.81–93.

46. Mischel W., Auduk O. Willpower in cognitive-affective processing system: the dynamics of delay of gratification // Handbook of Self-Regulation / Eds. R.F. Baumeister, K.D. Vohs. N. Y.: Gulford Press, 2004. P. 99–129.

47. Moffitt T.E., Arseneault L., Belsky D., Dickson N., Hancox R.J., Harrington H., Caspi A. A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2011. V. 108. P. 2693–2698.

48. Murray K.T., Kochanska, G. Effortful control: Factor structure and relation to externalizing and internalizing behaviors // Journ. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 2002. V. 30. P. 503–514.

49. Pauli-Pott U., Mertesacker B., Bade U., Haverkock A., Beckmann D. Parental perceptions of infant temperamental development // Infant Beh. and Dev. 2003. V. 26. P. 27–48.

50. Posner M.I., Rothbart M.K., Sheese B.E., Voelker P. Control networks and neuromodulators of early development // Dev. Psychol. 2012. V. 48. P. 827–835.

51. Putnam S.P., Gartstein M.A., Rothbart M.K. Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire // Infant Beh. and Dev. 2006. V. 29. P. 386–401.

52. Putnam S.P., Rothbart M.K. Development of short and very short forms of the Children’s Behavior Questionnabre // Yourn. Pers. Asseess. 2006. V.87. P.102-112.

53. Rothbart M.K. Temperament – Synthesis // Encyclopedia on early childhood development / Eds. R.E. Tremblay, M. Boivin, R.DeV. Peters []

54. Rothbart M.K. Temperament, development and personality // Cur. Direct. in Psychol. Science. 2007. V. 16. P. 207–212.

55. Rothbart M.K., Bates J.E. Temperament // Handbook of child psychology: Social, emotional and personality development, 6th ed. / Eds. Damon W., Lerner R., Eisenberg N. New York: Wiley, 2006. P. 99–166.

56. Rothbart M.K., Sheese B.E., Posner M.I. Executive attention and effortful control: linking temperament, brain networks, and genes // Child Dev. Perspect. 2007. V. 1. P. 2–7.

57. Rothbart M.K., Sheese B.E., Rueda M.R., Posner M.I. Developing mechanisms of self-regulation in early life // Emotion Review. 2011. V. 2. P. 207–213.

58. Rueda M. R., Rothbart M.K., McCandliss B.D., Saccomanno L., Posner M.I. Training, maturation, and genetic influences on the development of executive attention // Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 2005. V. 102. P. 14931–14936.

59. Rueda M.R., Posner M.I., Rothbart M.K. Attentional control and self-regulation // Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory and applications / Eds. Baumeister R.F., Vohs K.D. NY: Guilford Press, 2004. P. 283–300.

60. Samyn V., Roeyers H., Bijttebier P., Rosseela Y., Wiersema J.R. Assessing effortful control in typical and atypical development: are questionnaires and neuropsychological measures interchangeable? A latent-variable analysis // Res. in Dev. Disabil. 2015. V. 36. P. 587–599.

61. Samyn V., Roeyers H., Bijttebier P., Wiersema J.R. Attentional networks in boys with ADHD or autism spectrum disorder and the relationship with effortful control // Journ. Attent. Disord. 2013. V. 20. P. 1–12.

62. Seeley W.W., Menon V., Schatzberg A.F., Keller J., Glover G.H., Kenna H., Reiss A.L., Greicius M.D. Dissociable Intrinsic Connectivity Networks for Salience Processing and Executive Control // Journ. Neurosc. 2007. V. 27. P. 2349–2356.

63. Shiner R.L. Temperament and personality in childhood // Mroczek D.K., Little T.D. (Eds.). Handbook of personality development. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Elbaum Associate, 2006. 528 p.

64. Silton R.L., Heller W., Towers D.N., Engels A.S., Spielberg J.M., Edgar J.C., et al. The time course of activity in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulated cortex during top-down attentional control // Neuroimage. 2010. V. 50. P. 1292–1302

65. Simonds J., Rothbart M.K. The Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ): A computerized selfreport measure of temperament for ages 7–10. Poster presented at the Occasional Temperament Conference, Athens, GA. 2004.

66. Spinrad T.L., Eisenberg N., Gaertner B., Popp T., Smith C.L., Kupfer A., Hofer C. Relations of maternal socialization and toddlers' effortful control to children's adjustment and social competence // Dev. Psychol. 2007. V. 43. P. 1170–1186.

67. Stroop J.R. Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions // Journ. Experiment. Psychol. 1935. V. 18. P.643–662.

68. Sulik M.J., Huerta S., Zerr A.A., Eisenberg N., Spinrad T.L., Valiente C., et al. The Factor Structure of Effortful Control and Measurement Invariance Across Ethnicity and Sex in a High-Risk Sample // Journ. Psychopath. Beh. Assess. 2009. V. 32. P. 8–22.

69. Verstraeten K., Vasey M.W., Claes L., Bijttebier P. The assessment of effortful control in childhood: Questionnaires and the test of everyday attention for children compared // Pers. and Individ. Diff. 2010. V. 48. P. 59–65.

70. Volman I., Roelofs K., Koch S., Verhagen L., Toni I. Anterior prefrontal cortex inhibition impairs control over social emotional actions // Curr. Biology. 2011. V 21. P. 1766–1770.

71. Yiend J. The effects of emotion on attention: A review of attentional processing of emotional Information // Cognition and Emotion. 2010. V. 24. P.3–47.

72. Zelazo P.D., Muller U., Frye D., Marcovitch S. The development of executive function in early childhood // Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 2003. 89 p.

73. Zhou Q., Chen S.H., Main A. Commonalities and differences in the research on children’s effortful control and executive function: a call for an integrated model of self-regulation // Child Dev. Perspect. 2012. V. 6. P. 112–121.

Система Orphus