Regulatory capacities in childhood: current knowledge and assessment methods

 
PIIS020595920000421-9-1
DOI10.31857/S020595920000069-1
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation:
Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine
Novosibirsk State University
Address: 630117, Novosibirsk, Timakova st., 4; Novosibirsk, Russia; 630090, Novosibirsk, Pirogova st., 1, Russia
Affiliation: Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine
Address: 630117, Novosibirsk, Timakova st., 4; Novosibirsk, Russia
Affiliation: Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine
Address: 630117, Novosibirsk, Timakova st., 4; Novosibirsk, Russia
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 39 №4
Pages38-48
Abstract

hildren’s self-regulation has been the subject of research within different fields. Different terms are used in different areas to describe self-regulatory constructs, such as effortful control and executive function, the Russian terminology also varies considerably. The main methods used for assessing children’s regulatory capacities are parent questionnaires, psychophysiological measures and behavioral tasks; each has a number of strengths and weaknesses. Research has shown that regulatory capacities in childhood predict predict important life outcomes such as conscience, social competence, empathy, physical and mental health, affluence and low aggressiveness in later life. Low self- regulation is related to higher levels of behavioral and emotional problems in adulthood as well as substance dependence and criminal offending outcomes.

Keywordsregulatory capacities, effortful control, development, children, inhibitory control, attention, well-being, behavioral multitask batteries
Received11.10.2018
Publication date14.10.2018
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