Ancient Astrometric Devices

Publication type Article
Status Published
Affiliation: Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology, RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal namePriroda
EditionIssue №12

Since ancient times, people have been interested in the structure of the Cosmos, both for practical needs — for orientation in space and in compostion of calendars — and in the philosophical, scientific, and theoretical sense. The article discusses the applied, mythological and religious prototypes and technical features of the armillary sphere, as well as the mechanical globes and planetarium of Archimedes, and its practical implementation. An important place in the work is given to the Antikythera mechanism and its modern reconstructions.

Keywordsastrometry, Anaximander, Miletus school, ancient cosmology, armillary sphere, Archimedes globe, Antikythera mechanism
Publication date14.01.2019
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