On the Way to a New Formula a of the State Power (The First Session of the 14th National People's Congress, 2023)

Publication type Article
Status Published
Affiliation: Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: 12, Rozhdestvenka str., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation
Occupation: Leading Research of the Center for Political Studies and Forecasts
Affiliation: Institute of China and Contemporary Asia of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: 32, Nakhimovsky Av., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
Journal nameProblemy Dalnego Vostoka
EditionIssue 3

The article focuses on political, legal, and state development of the People’s Republic of China from 2018 to the beginning of 2023. Based on the reports from the first session of the new 14th National People's Congress (March 2023), the main performance indicators of the State Council, the NPC Standing Committee, of the Supreme People's Court, and the Supreme People's Procuratorate are explored. The new composition of the 14th National People's Congress’ deputy corps is analyzed. In the study are also presented the main regulatory legal acts in the constitutional, criminal, civil, and administrative fields, adopted by the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee between 2018 and 2023. The article provides a forecast for further development of PRC’s legal system. During the considered time period, the NPC Standing Committee adopted a number of important laws, which include the Anti-Foreign Sanctions Law, the Civil Code as well as amendments to the current Criminal Code, reducing the age of criminal responsibility to 12. The law enforcement and judicial systems achieved a high level of effectiveness in combating ordinary crime. Overall, under the conditions of instability of the international situation, increased Anti-China rhetoric in the West and political and military tensions in the South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait, the PRC leadership focused on improving the level of combat capability of the armed forces, strengthening national defense, and ensuring national security.

KeywordsChina, NPC, politics, legislation, legal regulation, national defense, economic development, sanctions
Publication date28.06.2023
Number of characters38600
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