Experience of digitization and cataloging of the Fund of Oriental Manuscripts of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of the DPhIC RAS

 
PIIS000000000016363-9-1
DOI10.31696/S000000000016363-9
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: acting director, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of Dagestan Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of Dagestan Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Makhachkala, IHAE DFRC RAS, 75, M. Yaragskogo st., Makhachkala, Republic of Daghestan, 367030, Russian Federation
Occupation: Director of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography
Affiliation: Daghestan Federal Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: 75, M. Yaragsky st., Office 306
Occupation: Leading researcher, Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography, Daghestan Scientific Center of the RAS
Affiliation: Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography, Daghestan Scientific Center of the RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Makhachkala
Journal nameDigital Orientalia
EditionVolume 1 № 1
Pages24-32
Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the results, problems and prospects of digitalization of the Oriental Manuscripts Fund of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography (IIAE), Dagestan Federal Research Centre, RAS. This collection is one of the largest collections of Oriental manuscripts, old printed books and archival documents in Arabic, Turkish, Persian and the languages of the peoples of Dagestan (ajam) in Russia. In 2016, a number of projects were launched to bring the description and study of this rich Arabic manuscript collection to a qualitatively new level. The activities were aimed at the creation of an electronic automated catalog, the implementation of digital processing and the restoration of manuscripts.

An integrated approach was used in the work, in which the creation of laboratories for digitization and restoration of manuscripts proceeded simultaneously. The article describes in detail the scheme of the description of manuscripts developed during the discussion in the Department of Oriental Studies. For each item, explanations are provided, containing the principles and approaches that guided the research group.

An important project was the digitization of the manuscripts of the Oriental Manuscripts Fund of the IIAE. A special laboratory for digitizing manuscripts was created with the participation of the Peri Charitable Foundation and the Factum Foundation for Digital Technology in Conservation (Spain). A special server was equipped to store digital copies of the manuscripts. The final result of this project will be the creation of a website that will host digital copies of the manuscripts of the Oriental Manuscripts Fund of IIAE, as well as the most valuable manuscripts from private Dagestan manuscript collections.

Keywordsmanuscripts, digitization, restoration of manuscripts, Dagestan, method of describing the manuscript
Received18.08.2021
Publication date16.10.2021
Number of characters31962
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1 Мусаев М.А., к.и.н., руководитель Агентства по охране культурного наследия Республики Дагестан Шихалиев Ш.Ш., к.и.н., в.н.с. отдела востоковедения ИИАЭ ДФИЦ РАН Абдулмажидов Р.С., к.и.н., и.о. директора ИИАЭ ДФИЦ РАН
2 Опыт оцифровки и каталогизации Фонда восточных рукописей ИИАЭ ДФИЦ РАН
3 Аннотация: Статья посвящена анализу результатов, проблем и перспектив дигитализации Фонда восточных рукописей Института истории, археологии и этнографии Дагестанского федерального исследовательского центра РАН. Эта коллекция является одним из самых больших в Российской Федерации собранием восточных рукописей, старопечатных книг и архивных документов на арабском, турецком, персидском языках и языках народов Дагестана (аджам). В 2016 г. началось осуществление ряда проектов, позволивших вывести описание и изучение этого богатейшего арабографического рукописного собрания на качественно новый уровень. Мероприятия были направлены на создание электронного автоматизированного каталога, осуществление цифровой компьютерной обработки и реставрацию манускриптов. В работе использовался комплексный подход, при котором создание лабораторий по оцифровке и реставрации рукописей шло одновременно. В статье подробно описана выработанная в ходе обсуждения в отделе востоковедения схема описания рукописей. По каждому пункту даны пояснения, содержащие принципы и подходы, которыми руководствовалась исследовательская группа. Важным проектом стала оцифровка рукописей ФВР ИИАЭ ДФИЦ РАН. С участием благотворительного фонда «Пери» и «Factum Foundation for Digital Technology in Conservation» (Испания) была создана специальная лаборатория по оцифровке рукописей. Для хранения цифровых копий рукописей был оборудован специальный сервер. Конечным результатом данного проекта станет создание сайта, на котором будут размещены цифровые копии рукописей ФВР ИИАЭ, а также наиболее ценных манускриптов из частных дагестанских рукописных собраний.
4 Ключевые слова: рукописи, оцифровка, реставрация манускриптов, Дагестан, методика описания рукописи.
5 Summary: The article is devoted to the analysis of the results, problems and prospects of digitalization of the Oriental Manuscripts Fund of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography (IIAE), Dagestan Federal Research Centre, RAS. This collection is one of the largest collections of Oriental manuscripts, old printed books and archival documents in Arabic, Turkish, Persian and the languages of the peoples of Dagestan (ajam) in Russia. In 2016, a number of projects were launched to bring the description and study of this rich Arabic manuscript collection to a qualitatively new level. The activities were aimed at the creation of an electronic automated catalog, the implementation of digital processing and the restoration of manuscripts. An integrated approach was used in the work, in which the creation of laboratories for digitization and restoration of manuscripts proceeded simultaneously. The article describes in detail the scheme of the description of manuscripts developed during the discussion in the Department of Oriental Studies. For each item, explanations are provided, containing the principles and approaches that guided the research group. An important project was the digitization of the manuscripts of the Oriental Manuscripts Fund of the IIAE. A special laboratory for digitizing manuscripts was created with the participation of the Peri Charitable Foundation and the Factum Foundation for Digital Technology in Conservation (Spain). A special server was equipped to store digital copies of the manuscripts. The final result of this project will be the creation of a website that will host digital copies of the manuscripts of the Oriental Manuscripts Fund of IIAE, as well as the most valuable manuscripts from private Dagestan manuscript collections.

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1. Гамзатов Г.Г., Саидов М.-С., Шихсаидов А.Р. Сокровищница памятников письменности. Ежегодник иберийско-кавказского языкознания. Тбилиси, 1982. С. 203–221 [Gamzatov G.G., Saidov M.-S., Shikhsaidov A.R. Treasure Trove of Written Monuments. Yearbook of Iberian-Caucasian Linguistics. Tbilisi, 1982. P. 203–221 (in Russian)]. Шихалиев Ш.Ш. Сокровищница восточных рукописей Дагестана. Исламоведение. 2012. № 1. С. 75–82 [Shikhaliev Sh.Sh. Treasury of the Oriental Manuscripts of Dagestan. Islamovedeniye. 2012. No. 1. Pp. 75–82 (in Russian)].

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