Canada ane the Arctic Issue at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea

 
PIIS207987840019780-7-1
DOI10.18254/S207987840019780-7
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: U.S. and Canadian Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameISTORIYA
Edition
Abstract

One of Canada's main goals at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea was to legalize its 100-mile maritime pollution prevention zone in the Arctic. At first Canada tried to achieve this goal by seeking appropriate powers for coastal states on a global scale. However due to the strong opposition of maritime powers and insufficient support from coastal states Canada changed tactics and opted for a separate pollution prevention regime for the Arctic through a separate deal with the US and the USSR. Article 234 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea legitimized Canada's right to impose additional (environmental) requirements on foreign ships in its economic zone in the Arctic and thus to control navigation in these waters.

KeywordsCanada, Arctic, Northwest Passage, Article 234, UNCLOS III, Law of the Sea
Received29.04.2022
Publication date30.12.2022
Number of characters32871
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