The idea of an unconditional basic income and the concept of civilizm: differ-ences in philosophical and legal grounds

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Chief Researcher
Affiliation: Institute of State and Law Research, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation,
Journal nameGosudarstvo i pravo
EditionIssue 6

Theoretical concepts that substantiate the idea of an unconditional basic income and similar ideas of social credit, negative income tax, social dividend, etc., are built on one or another interpretation of the phenomena of law, freedom and justice in human relations. These concepts in their totality cover an unusually wide range of philosophical, political and law ideas, including economic neoliberalism by L. Milton and F. Hayek with their belief in the effectiveness of the “invisible hand of the market”, the communist guidelines of F. van Parais, who interprets basic income as the first step on the “capitalist path to communism”, and G. Standing's ideas about the intrinsically collective nature of social wealth, which makes it possible to consider basic income as a «tool of social justice». These extreme in their ideological basis points of view on the basic income are considered in the article from the V.S. Nersesyants's concept of civilism that justifies a philosophical and legal substantiation of every right to receive an equal share of income from the market functioning of the former socialist property. The contribution of this concept to the global discussion of the post-capitalist development is due to the fact that it is formulated on the basis of a philosophical and legal understanding of the socialist experience from the Hegel's dialectic of world history standpoint and is based on the interpretation of civilism as a new post-socialist social system, which is a dialectical synthesis of socialism and capitalism.

Keywordsunconditional basic income, social credit, negative income tax, social dividend, the concept of civilism, Philosophy of Law, dialectics of world history, capitalism, socialism
Publication date28.06.2021
Number of characters53684
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