The fundamental principles of modern constitutional regulation of religion

 
PIIS013207690003648-4-1
DOI10.31857/S013207690003648-4
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Moscow state Institute of international relations (U) Russian foreign Ministry
Address: Russian Federation
Journal nameGosudarstvo i pravo
EditionIssue 1
Pages47-55
Abstract

The relevance of problems of constitutional regulation of religion is due to necessity of conjugation of secular constitutionalism and religious traditionalism in order to people's peaceful coexistence of different philosophical views and, at last, to survival of humanity in XX century. To solve this problem of great importance the practical articulation of universal principles of constitutional religious regulation that rightly reflects the pattern of the most progressive secular social and economic relations is needed.

The purpose of the study – identify fundamental principles of modern constitutional regulation of religion. The scientific result that was obtained in the study provided the solution for the number of tasks: identification of the philosophical and legal basis of studying the constitutional religious regulation; the characteristic of the constitutional religious regulation's essence; establishing features of the constitutional regulation of religion in secular and religious legal systems; studying the modern trends of constitutional and legal restriction of religion. The identifying the principles of the modern constitutional regulation of religion was done with the help of a wide variety of scientific methods: dogmatic, comparative, historical and logical, typological and others. This methodology allowed to consider the problematic of constitutional regulation of religious comprehensively. The organization of the study took into account the data of social and economic level (formation approach), and cultural society development (civilizational approach), in what the constitutional regulation of religion is carried out.

The historical and materialistic study confirms the logical secularization of legal systems. The historical process of law's and governmental exemption from religious influence led to the rapid development of constitutionalism all over the continents and civilizations. The modern constitutional regulation of religion provides for realization of principles of all religions' equality towards the socially priority constitutional and legal rules; conformity of constitutional rules of national legal systems to the generally accepted international documents on freedom of thought, conscience and religion; constitutional and legal restrictions of religions that break the law and public order.

Keywordsconstitution, law, legal system, freedom of conscience, religion, christianity, Islam, secularization, humanism, materialism
Received20.02.2019
Publication date22.02.2019
Number of characters34984
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