Alliance of the USA, Japan, Philippines: A New Format to Contain China?

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Junior Researcher, US Foreign and Domestic Policy Sector, Center for North American Studies, IMEMO, Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute of World Economy and International Relations Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 10

The U.S.-China rivalry is especially acute in the Asia-Pacific region, which each side considers important for its national interests. Having declared China its main strategic opponent, Washington continues to seek formats for military-political, economic and technological containment of Beijing.

The article examines in detail the structure of the American military presence in the Asia-Pacific region and its new format in the form of a trilateral alliance between the United States, Japan and the Philippines. The reasons for the rap-prochement of the three countries and the first steps towards strengthening the union, which has received the unofficial, but already widespread among experts name JAPHUS, are analyzed.

The author comes to the conclusion that despite the rapid development of trilateral cooperation in 2022–2023, the anti-Chinese alliance may face difficulties in the future, primarily due to the position of the Philippines, which is in strong economic dependence on China.

KeywordsAsia-Pacific, US Foreign Policy, China, Philippines, US-China rivalry, South China Sea, Taiwan Strait
AcknowledgmentThe article was prepared within the project “Post-crisis World Order: Challenges and Technologies, Competition and Co-operation” supported by the grant from Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation Program for Research Projects in Priority Areas of Scientific and Technological Development (Agreement № 075-15-2020-783).
Publication date22.11.2023
Number of characters23866
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 202

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Leksyutina Y.V. 2020. U.S.-China Relations in 2018–2019: Trade War and the Process of Decoupling. World Economy and International Relations. № 6, pp. 85–93. Moscow. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-6-85-93.

2. Kashin V.B., Timofeev I.N. 2021. U.S.-China Relations: Moving Towards a New Cold War? Russian International Affairs Council. (In Russ.). (accessed 12.07.2023)

3. Lukin A.V. 2023. US-China Rivalry in the Asia-Pacific Region: Declarations and Reality. Russia in Global Affairs. № 1. Pp. 118–137. Moscow. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.31278/1810-6439-2023-21-1-118-137.

4. US National Security Strategy. The White House. 12.10.2022. 2022/10/Biden-Harris-Administrations-National-Security-Strategy-10.2022.pdf (accessed 19.07.2023)

5. Indo-Pacific Strategy of the United States. The White House. February, 2022. (accessed 12.04.2023)

6. Clark J. Innovation Critical to Success as DOD Faces Competition With China. U.S. Department of Defense. 09.05.2023. (accessed 12.07.2023)

7. McBrien T. Why the U.S. Should Close Its Overseas Military Bases. Foreign Policy. 16.05.2023. (accessed 12.07.2023)

8. Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of the Philippines. August 30, 1951. Avalon Project. (accessed 20.07.2023)

9. Bogaturov A.D. 1997. Great Powers in the Pacific. Moscow. 352 p. (In Russ.)

10. Calder K. Securing Security Through Prosperity: The San Francisco System in Comparative Perspective. The Pacific Review, Vol. 17, № 1, March 2004, pp. 135–157.

11. Campbell K.M., Patel, N., Singh V.J. The Power of Balance: America in Asia. Center for a New American Security. June 2008. 96 p.

12. Luzyanin S. G. 2023. China – USA: Model 2023. The “Managed Conflict” or Global Split? Asia and Africa today. № 2. Pp. 5–13. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.31857/S032150750024431-6.

13. Ambassador MaryKay Carlson’s Remarks at the Mangrove Forum. U.S. Embassy in the Philippines. 27.10.2022. (accessed 12.07.2023)

14. Saballa J. US Grants Philippines $100M Compensation for Scrapping Russian Deal. The Defense Post. 18.10.2022. (accessed 12.07.2023)

15. Galeon P.L. US to Provide $70M in Defense Aid to Philippines. The Defense Post. 02.11.2022. (accessed 12.07.2023)

16. Heydarian R.J. Integrated Deterrence: AUKUS, JAPHUS, and U.S.-Led “Constrainment” Strategy Against China. China-US Focus. 04.04.2023. (accessed 12.07.2023)

Система Orphus