Afghani crisis and the threat of Islamist extremism in Tajikistan

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Tutor
Affiliation: HSE University, RUDN University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Associate Professor; Vice-Head of Laboratory for Sociopolitical Destabilization Risks Monitoring; Research Fellow
National Research University Higher School of Economics in Saint Petersburg
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation
Occupation: Head of Laboratory for Sociopolitical Destabilization Risks Monitoring; Senior Research Professor
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 12

This article examines terrorist organizations that pose a threat to Tajikistan and analyzes their activities, media products and recruitment campaigns within the context of the Afghan crisis. Particular attention is paid to the rise to power of the Taliban in Afghanistan and the transformations that occurred during their year in power. It considers not only transformations in Afghanistan itself, but in the global jihadist movement as a whole. Expert interviews gathered during field research are also analyzed.

The data collected during the field study are analyzed in addition to databases and academic papers already available in the public domain. Based on the data mentioned above, this article assesses the level of threat posed by various terrorist organizations and the possible prospects for the situation. It also examines the existing laws in the sphere of religious policy in the Republic of Tajikistan and their application. It examines how extremists adjust their recruitment campaigns and how it is reflected in their discourse. The article also reveals the peculiarities of relations between various extremist organizations that are active in Tajikistan or are composed of Tajik citizens and are involved in fighting in other countries. In addition, it investigates which organizations Tajik citizens are more likely to join and what determines their choice.

The results of the article contain conclusions for each organization considered in accordance with the results of the study that has been conducted. These findings contribute to existing studies on extremism in general and on extremist activity in Tajikistan in particular against the background of the Afghan crisis. Therefore, it brings new arguments and perspectives to the existing academic debate on this topic.

KeywordsAfghanistan, Tajikistan, Islamists extremism, terrorism, Taliban, The Islamic State - Khorasan Province
Publication date15.12.2022
Number of characters21011
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