Ethno-Political Structure of Taliban-led Afghanistan

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Applicant, MGIMO University, Moscow, Russia; Second secretary of the Russian Embassy in Afghanistan
MGIMO University
Russian Embassy in Afghanistan
Address: Russian Federation,
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 11

With the seizure of power by the Taliban on August 15, 2021 a new page in the political history of Afghanistan had been opened. The Taliban, which for 20 years led a guerrilla war against the authorities of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and their Western patrons, had to come out of hiding and start operating openly within the framework of a new state system. On September 7, Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid announced the formation of the government of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. A year after these events, it seems important to trace the process of building government by the Taliban, characterize the current political system of Afghanistan and analyze the basic principles for the inclusion of certain groups in the state system.

In the history of Afghanistan, the aspect of ethnicity has always been a key point that has determined one’s position in political and social system of the country. As a result of studies, the author concludes that the Taliban during its first year in power created a Pashtun-centric state, where the struggle between the main Pashtun tribal associations in relation to the foreign policy guidelines of each of them plays a decisive role in the configuration of domestic political forces. At the same time, despite the entry into the public field of the main Taliban functionaries who have taken positions in the leadership of various departments in Kabul, traditional for the Taliban hidden form of top management is preserved.

KeywordsAfghanistan, Taliban, Islamic Emirate, Pashtuns, tribal associations
Publication date01.12.2022
Number of characters21636
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 385

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Interactive Map: Factional Rifts in the Taliban Command. 31427712.html (accessed 16.08.2022)

2. World Population Dashboard Afghanistan. (accessed 11.09.2022)

3. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook. Ethnic Groups.; https://www.cia. gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2075.html?countryName=Afghanistan&countryCode=af®ionCode=sas&#af (accessed 11.09.2022)

4. Yakub-Haqqani factions over government formation in Afghanistan, what will Taliban do now? (accessed 10.08.2022)

5. TTP renews oath of allegiance to Afghan Taliban amir Sheikh Haibatullah. (accessed 10.09.2022)

6. Haqqani Network. (accessed 20.08.2022)

7. Ishchenko N.S. 2021. Taliban and Afghan peace process. Asia and Africa today. № 9, pp. 23-28 (In Russ.). DOI: 10.31857/ S032150750015543-9

8. Afghanistan: Taliban leaders in bust-up at presidential palace. (accessed 21.08.2022)

9. Taliban retitles all military corps in Afghanistan. (accessed 15.08.2022)

10. The Haqqani network: the new kingmakers in Kabul. (accessed 10.08.2022)

11. Khalil-ur-Rahman Haqqani punched Taliban’s Mullah Baradar before shootout in Kabul palace: Report. (accessed 24.08.2022)

12. Who is ISI chief Faiz Hameed whose visit to Kabul has sparked controversy? (accessed 16.08.2022)

13. Influential Taliban commanders appointed to key positions in new regime. (accessed 19.08.2022)

14. Eleven months of Taliban’s domination; 81.5% of the cabinet and governors are Pashtuns and 98.4% are Taliban members without the presence of women and Hazaras. (accessed 14.08.2022)

15. Clashes among Taliban in Faryab. (accessed 27.08.2022)

16. Defeated and Encircled, the Hazara Community in Balkhab Scrambling to Escape Atrocity Crimes Committed by Vengeful Taliban. (accessed 10.09.2022)

Система Orphus