Trump Administration’s New Africa Strategy

 
PIIS032150750004743-9-1
DOI10.31857/S032150750004743-9
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Institute of African Studies, RAS
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 5
Pages6-13
Abstract

The author analyses political, economic and military aspects of the new US Africa strategy, approved by president D.Trump on December 12 2018 and made public next day by his National Security advisor John Bolton. According to the official version, the release of the strategy was prompted by the conclusion that the African policy which had been pursued, proved to be inefficient. Billions and billions of dollars invested by US in Africa have not led to stable governance and economic viability, neither have they stopped terrorism, or prevented other powers, such as Chine and Russia, to increase their own influence on the continent. This situation runs counter the US interest, threatens its national security.

The new strategy is called upon to amend the current state of affairs in correspondence with Trump’s “central campaign promise to put the interests of American people first, both at home and abroad”. The first “core US interest” on the continent is to advance trade and commercial ties with nations across the region. As far as US economic assistance is concerned it will no longer be provided indiscriminately across the entire continent. The funding will be targeted toward key countries, the economic effort will focus on African governments which act as US strategic partners. And there will be established bilateral mechanisms to maintain maximum American control over every American dollar spent.

The second “core interest” is countering the threat from radical Islamic terrorism and violent conflicts. The US will assist key African governments in building the capacity of their armed forces and security institutions. Washington wants to see more cooperative regional security organizations emerge around the world.

The new Strategy is a component of the US course for global hegemony implemented under Trump’s slogan “America First”.

KeywordsUSA, Africa, China, Russia, new strategy, development assistance, terrorism, competition, effectiveness
Received14.05.2019
Publication date22.05.2019
Number of characters28989
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 2, views: 2066

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. The United States. South Africa Partnership Going Global. Remarks. Hillary Rodham Clinton. Secretary of State. University of West Cape. Cape Town. August 8, 2012. P. 2 – https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/rm/2012/08/196189.html (accessed 25.08.2012)

2. The White House. US Strategy Toward Sub-Saharan Africa. Washington D.C. June 14, 2012 – https://www.whitehouse.gov/states/default/files/docs/africa-strategy-2.pdf (accessed 30.06.2012)

3. Remarks by President Trump at Working Lunch with African Leaders. New York. Office of the Press Secretary. George Mason University. Fairfax. Virginia. September 20, 2017 – https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/09/20/remarks-president-working-lunch-african-leaders (accessed 27.09.2017)

4. Tillerson Rex W. US-Africa Relations: A New Framework. Remarks. March 6, 2018 – https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2018/03/279065.htm (accessed 15.03.2018)

5. Remarks by National Security Advisor, Ambassador John R. Bolton on the Trump Administration’s New Africa Strategy. December 13, 2018, p. 1 – https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-national-security-advisor-ambassadorjohn-r-bolton-trump-administrations-new-africa-strategy/ (accessed 25.12.2018)

6. Africa: US is Africa’s “Ideal Partner” for Promoting Democratic Institutions and Economic Growth. Tibor P. Nagy. Jr. Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs. September 18, 2018 – https://www.state.gov/p/af/rls/rm/2018/285991.htm (accessed 25.09.2018)

7. National Security Strategy of the United States of America. Seals of the President of the Union States – https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/nss-final-12-18-2017-09-05.pdf (accessed 24.12.2017)

8. Stronski P., Sokolsky R. The Return of Global Russia: An Analytical Framework. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. December 14, 2017 – carnegieendowment.org/2017/12/14/return-of-global-russia-analytical-framework.pdf.75003 (accessed 25.12.2017)

9. LiveAtState with Tibor P. Nagy, Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of African Affairs. Special Briefing. December 21, 2018 – https://www.state.gov/r/pa/ime/288245.htm (accessed 29.12.2018)

10. TRANSCRIPT. Press Briefing on US Policy in Africa with Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of African Affairs Tibor P. Nagy Jr. Via Teleconference. Washington D.C. October 23, 2018 – https://www.state.gov/r/pa/ime/africamediahub/rls/286857.htm (accessed 01.11.2018)

11. US Global Leadership Coalition Dinner. Tibor P. Nagy Jr. Assistant Secretary, Bureau of African Affairs. Ritz Carlton Hotel. Washington D.C. February 9, 2019 – https://www.state.gov/p/af/rls/rm/2019/289425.htm (accessed 16.02.2019)

12. APLU Board Dinner. Remarks. Tibor P. Nagy Jr. Assistant Secretary. Bureau of African Affairs. Embassy Ethiopia, Washington D.C February 6, 2019 – https://www.state.gov/p/af/rls/rm/2019/289427.htm (accessed 16.02.2019)

13. The Build Act has Passed. What’s Next? CSIS. Danial F. Runder, Romina Bandura. October 12, 2018 – https://www.csis.org/analysis/build-act-has-passed-what-next (accessed 20.10.2018)

14. AFRICOM, SOUTHCOM Commanders Testify in Senate Armed Forces Committee. February 7, 2019 – http://www.c-span.org/video/457662-1/africom-southcom-commanders-testity-senate-committee&start=189 (accessed 21.02.2019)

15. CNN Politics. Top US General Warn Russia Using Mercenaries to Access to Africa’s National Recourses. February 7, 2019 – https://edition.cnn.com/2019/02/07/politics/us-russia-mercenaries-africa/index.htm (accessed 21.02.2019)

16. Africa Command: US Strategic Interests and the Role of the US Military in Africa. Congress Research Service Report to the Congress. July 22, 2011, p. 12 – https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R/34003.pdf (accessed 01.08.2011)

17. United States Africa Command 2018 Posture Statement, March 6, 2018, p. 1 – https:/docs.house.gov/meetings/AS/AS00/20180306/106953/HHRG-115-A300-Wstate-WaldhouserT-20180306.pdf (accessed 14.03.2018)

18. AFRICOM Year in Review – https://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=54007: – Africa-year-in-review&catid=56:Diplomacy%20&%20peace<emid=111 (accessed 05.01.2019)

19. US to Reduce Number of Troops in Africa. by Ryan Browne, CNN – https://edition.cnn.com/2018/11/15/politics/usreduce-troops-africa/index.html (accessed 21.11.2018)

20. Africa: US Begins to Pullout Troops from Africa. The East African (Nairobi). Kevin J. Kelly. 22 February 2019 – https://alafrica.com/stories/201902250600.html (accessed 28.02.2019)

21. US Department of State Bureau of African Affairs. Diplomacy in Action – https://www.state.gov/p/af/ (accessed 15.03.2019)

22. Congressional Budget Justification. Department of State. Foreign Operations and Related Program. Fiscal Year 2020. February 11, 2019 – https://www,state.gov/documents/organization/290302.pdf (accessed 25.02.2019)

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up