Дагестан в транснациональных суфийских сетях: шейхи из Кикуни и их зиярат в Турции

 
Код статьиS086919080001847-8-1
DOI10.31857/S086919080001847-8
Тип публикации Статья
Статус публикации Опубликовано
Авторы
Аффилиация: Институт востоковедения РАН, НИУ ВШЭ Санкт- Петербург
Название журналаВосток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность
ВыпускВыпуск 5
Страницы21-36
Аннотация

Разобранный в статье случай появления в Турции конца XIX – начала XXI в. дагестанских суфийских сетей и святых мест неплохо представляет взаимоотношения мусульманских элит Северного Кавказа, Волго-ральского региона, Ближнего Востока и Анатолии. Запечатленные в до кументах, эпиграфике, устных историях биографии Мухаммада и Шараф ад-Дина из Кикуни, их участия в восстании 1877 г., ссылки в Поволжье, эмиграции в Османскую империю показывают, что в своем распространении братство Накшбандия-Халидия не раз переступало за политические границы и идеологические барьеры, установленные в регионе в ходе разграничения владений османской Турции и царской России. Обмен территориями и подданными между Турцией и Россией на протяжении последних полутора столетий привел к появлению смешанных гибридных идентичностей, микроистория одной из которых прослеживается в статье на примере мухаджирской деревни в Западной Анатолии. Вопреки распространенному представлению тарикат никогда не представлял собой единого неуловимого игрока в «большой игре» между великими державами. Скорее он распадался на множество небольших соперничавших фракций, руководители которых вступали в сложные отношения друг с другом и с местными политическими элитами. С суфийскими сетями тесно связаны более локальные сети святых мест (зияратов) в регионах.

Ключевые словасуфийские сети, культ святых, политическая ссылка, мухаджирство, гибридная идентичность, Накшбандия-Халидия, Накшбандия-Махумдия, эпиграфика, переписка, устные истории
Получено25.10.2018
Дата публикации28.10.2018
Цитировать   Скачать pdf Для скачивания PDF необходимо авторизоваться
Размещенный ниже текст является ознакомительной версией и может не соответствовать печатной.

всего просмотров: 181

Оценка читателей: голосов 0

1. СAbd al-Rahman al-Sughuri, al-shaykh al-fadil al-hajj, Hadhihi risala sharifa [The Noble Treaty], in The Princeton University. Yahuda Collection. Vol. 2867. Fol. 91aЦ94a (in Arabic).

2. Abdullaev M.A. Sheikh Abdurahman-hajiТs Activities and Views with his Genealogy, Makhachkala:Epokha, 2001, 2nd ed. (in Russian.).

3. Abdurakhmanov M. Naqshubandiyab tariqatatlul ustarzabazul mesedil rakhas [The Golden Chain of the Masters belonging to the Naqshbandi Brotherhood], Moscow: Vozrozhdenie, 2003 (in Avar).

4. Abu Sufyan b. Aqay al-Qazanishi, Wasilat al-najat, Temir-Khan-Shura: al-MatbaСa al-islamiyya liMuhammad Mirza Mawrayuf, 1908 (in Kumyk).

5. Aytberov T.M., Dadaev Yu.U., Omarov Kh.A. (comp., transl., eds.), Uprisings of the Dagestanis and the Chechens in the Post-Shamil Age and Imamate in 1877, Makhachkala: Shamil Foundation, 2001 (in Russian).

6. Balkapov N.P., Voyt S.S., Gertsenberg V.E. (eds.), The Statutes of the Russian Empire: Continuation in 1912, Saint Petersburg, 1912 (in Russian).

7. Bobrovnikov V.O. СCatalogue of Manuscripts and Old-Printed Books in Arabic, Persian and Turkic Languages from Kabardino-Balkaria, Pis'mennye pamiatniki Vostoka [Written Monuments of the Orient], 2005, no. 1, pp. 239Ц303 (in Russian).

8. Bobrovnikov V.O. СAl-Kikuni, in Prozorov S.M. (comp., ed.), Islam na territorii byvshei Rossiiskoi imperii: entsiklopedicheskii slovarТ [Islam on the Territory of the Former Russian Empire], Moscow: Vostochnaia literatura, 2006, vol. I, pp. 194Ц197 (in Russian).

9. Chronicle of Muhammad Tahir al-Qarakhi about Dagestani Wars under the Rule of Shamil, transl. from Arabic by A.M. Barabanov under dir. of Academician I.Yu. Krachkovsky, Moscow; Leningrad: Publishers of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1941 (in Russian).

10. Gadzhi-Ali, A Story of the Eyewitness about Shamil, Makhachkala: Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography; G. Tsadasa Institute of Language, Arts and Literature, 1995 (in Russian).

11. Gaydarbekov M. СAbdulatip Gotsinskii, Akhulgo, 1999, no. 3, pp. 36Ц45 (in Russian).

12. Gaydarbekov M. СThe Chronology of DagestanТs History,?? in Sceintific Archive of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences, n.d., collection 3, inventory 1, file 236, vol. XIV (in Arabic and Russian).

13. Hasan Hilmi b. Muhammad al-Qahi, Maktubat al-Qahi al-musamma wasaТil al-murid fi rasaТil alustadh al-farid [Al-Qahi's Letters Known as Instruments for the Disciple in Messages of the Precious Master], Damascus: Dar al-NuСman li-l-Сulum, 1998 (in Arabic).

14. Ibragimova Z.B. СThe Sheiks of Kikuni as Founders of Turkish Small Dagestan, in Severnyi Kavkaz: geopolitika, istoriia, kul'tura [North Caucasus: Geopolitics, History, Culture]: Materials of the All-Russian Research Conference, StavropolТ, 2001, pp. 23Ц25 (in Russian).

15. Ibragimova Z.B. СMuhammad-haji and Sharapudin of Kikuni Ц Sufis and Muhajirs, in A.R. Shikhsaidov (ed.), Dagestanskie sviatyni [Dagestani Shrines], Makhachkala: Epokha, 2008, pt. 2, pp. 159Ц170 (in Russian).

16. Isaev A.A. Catalogue of Old-Printed Books and Publications on the Languages of Dagestan's Peoples, Makhachkala: Dagestanskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 1989 (in Russian).

17. [Ishaq al-Urmi, СAli al-Salti], СHistory of the Sharia Uprising in Dagestan and Chechnya, and the Imamate in 1877, in Aytberov T.M., Dadaev Yu.U., Omarov Kh.A. (comp., transl., eds.), Uprisings of the Dagestanis and the Chechens in the Post-Shamil Age, and Imamate in 1877, Makhachkala: Shamil Foundation, 2001), pp. 110Ц117 (translated from Arabic into Russian by T.M. Aytberov).

18. Kemper M. СTo the Question of the Sufi Foundations of Jihad in Dagestan, in Abashin S.N., Bobrovnikov V.O. (eds.), Podvizhniki islama. Kul't sviatykh i sufizm v Srednei Azii i na Kavkaze [Devotees of Islam. The Cult of Saints and Sufism in Central Asia and the Caucasus], Moscow: Vostochnaia literatura, 2003, pp. 278Ц305 (in Russian).

19. Kemper M., Tagirova N.A., Shikhsaidov A.R. СThe Library of Imam Shamil in Princeton, in Alikberov A.K., Bobrovnikov V.O. (eds.), Dagestan i musul'manskii Vostok [Dagestan and Muslim Orient], Moscow: Marjani Publishers, 2010, pp. 259Ц272 (in Russian).

20. Khanbabaev K.M. СSufism in Dagestan; History and Traditions, in Dagestan Ц perekrestok kul'tur i tsivilizatsii [Dagestan at the Crossroads of Cultures and Civilizations], Makhachkala: Ministry for Nationalities, 2002, pp. 30Ц40 (in Russian).

21. Magomeddadaev A.M. СRepresentatives of the Dagestani Diaspora in Turkey Tell, in Magomeddadaev A.M. (comp., ed.), Emigratsiia dagestantsev v Osmanskuiu imperiiu [Emigration of the Dagestanis into Turkey], Makhachkala: Dagestani Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2001, pt. 2, pp. 380Ц430 (in Russian).

22. Magomedkhanov M.M. Dagestanis in Turkey. Ethnodemographic Consequences of the Caucasus War, Makhachkala: Dagestani Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1997 (in Russian).

23. СMin maktub nachanik Gunib Chillayuf [From the Letter of Chillaev, Chief of the Gunib district], in Gaydarbekov M. СThe Chronology of Dagestan??s History, p. 1 (in Arabic).

24. СMin khatt Muhammad b. Pirbudagh Inkwachilaw [From the Letter of Muhammad b. Pirbudagh Inkwachilaw], in Gaydarbekov M. СThe Chronology of DagestanТs History, p. 29 (in Arabic).

25. Mir Khalid Sayf Allah b. Husayn Bashlar al-Nitsubkri al-Ghazi-Ghumuqi al-Naqshbandi al-Qadiri alShadhili al-ShafiСi al-Daghistani, Maktbat Khalid Sayf Allah ila fuqaraТ ahl Allah [Letters of Khalid Sayf Allah to Humble people of Allah], Damascus: Dar al-NuСman li-l-Сulum, 1998 (in Arabic).

26. СMubarak Mama-Dibirasul manaqibal [The Praiseworthy Life of the Blessed Saint Mama-Dibir]Т, in Abdurakhmanov M. Naqshubandiyab tariqatatlul ustarzabazul mesedil rakhas [The Golden Chain of the Masters belonging to the Naqshbandi Brotherhood], Moscow: Vozrozhdenie, 2003, pp. 92Ц94 (in Avar).

27. Nadhir al-Durghili, Delight of the Intellect in Biographies of Dagestani Scholars (Nuzhat al-azhan fi tarajim СulamaТ Daghistan), transl., comm., ed. by A.R. Shikhsaidov, M. Kemper, A.K. Bustanov, Moscow: Marjani Publishers, 2012 (in Arabic and Russian).

28. Omarov Kh.A. (comp., transl., comm., ed.), 100 Letters of Shamil, Makhachkala: Dagestanskii nauchnyi tsentr RAN, 1997 (in Russian).

29. Omarov Kh.A. СMemories of СAbdurazaq of Sogratl about 1877 Uprising,?? in A.R. Shikhsaidov (ed.), Izuchenie istorii i kul'tury Dagestana: arkheograficheskii aspekt [The Study of Dagestan's History and Culture: An Archeographic Aspect], Makhachkala: Dagestanskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 1988, reprinted in Aytberov T.M., Dadaev Yu.U., Omarov Kh.A. (eds.), Uprisings of the Dagestanis and the Chechens in the Post-Shamil Age, and Imamate in 1877, Makhachkala: Shamil Foundation, 2001, pp. 168Ц171 (translated from Arabic into Russian by Kh.A. Omarov).

30. Roschin M.Yu. СSheikh Muhammad Nazim from Cyprus and His Followers (To the Question of Sufi Revival in Dagestan)Т, in Abashin S.N., Bobrovnikov V.O. (eds.), Podvizhniki islama. Kul't sviatykh i sufizm v Srednei Azii i na Kavkaze [Devotees of Islam. The Cult of Saints and Sufism in Central Asia and the Caucasus], Moscow: Vostochnaia literatura, 2003, pp. 309Ц322 (in Russian).

31. Saidov M-S.J. Avar-Russian Dictionary, Moscow: Sovetskaia entsiklopediia, 1967 (in Avar and Russian).

32. Sayyid СAbd al-Rahman b. ustadh al-tariqa Jamal al-Din al-Husayni al-Ghazi-Ghumuqi / Abdurakhman of Ghazi-Ghumuq, Kitab tadhkira fi bayan ahwal al-Daghistan wa-Chachan / Kniga vospominanii o delakh zhitelei Dagestana i Chechni [Book of Memories about Activities of the Inhabitants in Dagestan and Chechnya], transl. from Arabic by M.-S. Saidov, ed. and publ., comm. by A.R. Shikhsaidov, Kh.A. Omarov, Makhachkala: Dagestanskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 1997 (in Arabic and Russian).

33. ShuСayb b. Idris al-Baghini, Tabaqat al-khwajakan al-naqshbandiyya [Ranks of the Naqshbandi sufi Masters], Damascus: Dar al-NuСman li-l-Сulum, 1998 (in Arabic).

34. Magomeddadaev A.M. (comp., ed.), Emigratsiia dagestantsev v Osmanskuiu imperiiu [Emigration of the Dagestanis into Turkey], Makhachkala: Dagestani Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2000Ц2001, pt. 1Ц2 (in Russian).

Система Orphus

Загрузка...
Вверх