On the semantics of Russian aspect in the context of discourse

Publication type Article
Status Published
Federal Research Center Computer Science and Control of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Moscow State University of Education
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow, 119333; 119991
Journal nameVoprosy Jazykoznanija
EditionIssue 1

It is demonstrated in this paper that the discourse meaning of aspect is derived from its ordinary sentence meaning and depends on the moment of observation, which is either retrospective or synchronous. The research was based on the Russian National Corpus. Four morphosyntactic configurations with the conjunction i ‘and’ were studied. In the configuration “Pfv verb + conjunction i + Pfv verb”, the sequential relationship between the perfective and the imperfective situation prevails, but simultaneity very often arises as a consequence of the lexical and aspectual context. The configuration “Ipfv verb + conjunction i + Ipfv verb” yields simultaneity as the main relationship between the situations, but again aspectual and temporal semantics of the verbs may violate this relationship. In the scope of the morphosyntactic configuration “Pfv verb + conjunction i + Ipfv verb”, the sequential relationship remains the main one. It should be noted however that the Russian imperfective does not allow for ingressive interpretation: the moment of observation always falls within the intermediate phase of the imperfective situation. In the configuration “Ipfv verb + conjunction i + Pfv verb”, the temporal relationship between the situations is less clear.

Keywordsingressive, moment of observation, morphosyntactic configurations, sequential relationship, simultaneity
Publication date06.02.2017
Number of characters1134
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in
1 ….

Price publication: 0

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 1012

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Barentsen 1998 — Barentsen A. The attribute “sequential connection” and aspectual opposition in Russian. Tipologiya vida: problemy, poiski, resheniya. Chertkova M. Yu. (ed.). Moscow: Yazyki Russkoi Kul’tury, 1998.

2. Glovinskaya 1982 — Glovinskaya M. Ya. Semanticheskie tipy vidovykh protivopostavlenii russkogo glagola [Semantic types of aspectual oppositions of the Russian verb]. Moscow: Nauka, 1982.

3. Knyazev 2014 — Knyazev Yu. P. Ingressive uses of Imperfective in Russian. Nauchnoe nasledie i razvitie idei Yuriya Sergeevicha Maslova. Mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya 20—22 noyabrya. Tezisy. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State Univ., 2014. Pp. 96—99.

4. Maslov 1984 — Maslov Yu. S. Ocherki po aspektologii [Essays on aspectology]. Leningrad: Leningrad State Univ., 1984.

5. NKRYa — Natsional’nyi korpus russkogo yazyka [Russian National Corpus]. Available at: http://www.ruscorpora.ru.

6. Paducheva 1986 — Paducheva E. V. Semantics of aspect and the reference point. Izvestiya AN SSSR. Seriya literatury i yazyka. 1986. Vol. 45. No. 5. Pp. 413—424.] Available at: http://lexicograph.ruslang.ru/TextPdf2/OL’A86-5_.pdf.

7. Paducheva 1996 — Paducheva E. V. Semanticheskie issledovaniya. Semantika vremeni i vida v russkom yazyke. Semantika narrativa [Semantic studies. Semantics of tense and aspect in Russian. Semantics of narrative]. Moscow: Yazyki Russkoi Kul’tury, 1996. Available at: http://lexicograph.ruslang.ru/TextPdf1/PaduSemantIssl1996.pdf

8. Paducheva 2010 — Paducheva E. V. Mirror symmetry of past and future: The figure of observer. Izvestija RAN. Seriya literatury i yazyka. Vol. 69. No. 3. Pp. 16—20. Available at: http://lexicograph.ruslang.ru/TextPdf2/symmetr-2010.pdf.

9. Petrukhina 2000 — Petrukhina E.V. Aspektual’nye kategorii glagola v russkom yazyke v sopostavlenii s cheshskim, slovatskim, pol’skim i bolgarskim [Aspectual categories of the verb in Russian versus Czech, Slovak, Polish, and Bulgarian]. Moscow: Moscow State Univ., 2000.

10. Plungian 2008 — Plungian V. A. Discourse and grammar. Issledovaniya po teorii grammatiki. Vol. 4: Grammaticheskie kategorii v diskurse. Gusev V. Yu., Plungian V. A., Urmanchieva A. Yu. (eds.). Moscow: Gnozis, 2008. Pp. 7—36.

11. Uryson 2011 — Uryson E. V. Opyt opisaniya semantiki soyuzov [An attempt of description of conjunction semantics]. Moscow: Yazyki Slavyanskikh Kul’tur, 2011.

12. Bäuerle 1979 — Bäuerle R. Temporale Deixis, temporale Frage. Tübingen: Gunter Narr, 1979.

13. Carlson 1981 — Carlson G. Aspect and quantification. Syntax and Semantics. Vol. 14: Tense and Aspect. New York: Acad. Press. Pp. 31—64.

14. Dickey 2000 — Dickey S. V. Parameters of Slavic aspect. A cognitive approach. Stanford (CA): CSLI publications, 2000.

15. Kratzer 1978 — Kratzer A. Semantik der Rede. Kronberg: Skriptor, 1978.

16. Smith 1997 — Smith C. S. The parameter of aspect. (2nd ed.). Dordrecht: Kluver academic Publishers, 1997.

Система Orphus