World-Class University Market: Rethinking Geopolitical and National Stereotypes

 
PIIS013216250014952-0-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250014952-0
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Director of the Center for Macroeconomic Research
Affiliation: Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Leading Researcher
Affiliation: Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 9
Pages117-131
Abstract

The article analyses the third wave results of identifying world-class universities in 2021, obtained on the basis of the authors' methodology. A comparison of the new results with the 2017 and 2019 data allowed us to examine in more detail some well-established mental stereotypes of a geopolitical and national nature. In particular, the role of the North American university cluster is declining, but the universities of the United States and Canada are still models for the rest of the world, both in terms of the breadth of scientific diversification and in terms of the research results obtained. The seemingly self-evident "decline of Europe" concerning the pool of advanced universities is not confirmed. Moreover, there is reason to argue for the growing activity of the European geopolitical center, whose universities not only retain their positions but also rapidly increase the number of highly specialized institutions at the forefront of training personnel for post-industrial society. Contrary to many expectations, Asian university market is still far from becoming a distinctive authentic phenomenon and is so far only an example of a relatively successful "copying model" of Western models. Quite unexpected was the alarming conclusion about the superiority of Latin American advanced universities over universities in the post-soviet space in general and in Russia in particular. It is shown that the recognition of "new" world-class universities by international rating agencies, such as the National Autonomous University of Mexico, came very belatedly. Internal Russian mental archetype concerning the model of development of the Lomonosov Moscow State University is recognized as untenable, whose tenure as a member of world-class universities is extremely unstable. Additional proof of this is the fact that this university has already lost competition in the discipline of "political science" to two other Russian universities – the HSE and the MGIMO Universities.

Keywordsworld-class university, global university rankings, competitiveness, geopolitical inversion
AcknowledgmentThe article is based on the state assignment of the Government of the Russian Federation to the Financial University for 2021 “Political and economic patterns in the functioning and evolution of the economic system of Russia”.
Received03.09.2021
Publication date27.09.2021
Number of characters47646
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