The Past in the Present: USSR Phenomenon in Modern Media and in the Consciousness of Russian Students

 
PIIS013216250014686-7-1
DOI10.31857/S013216250014686-7
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Head of Foreign Philology Chair
Affiliation: Moscow City University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Assoc. Prof.
Affiliation: MGIMO University - Branch in Odintsovo
Address: Russian Federation, Odintsovo
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 7
Pages73-82
Abstract

The article presents the data of experimental study aimed at revealing the features of the representation of the USSR’s image in the text typical for modern Russian MCT, and the peculiarities of the content of the psychologically real meaning of this term in the perception of modern students. The use of macrostructure analyzing method of the text developed by T.M. Dridze allowed us to prove that such texts, appealing to the emotional sphere via expressively marked lexical units are aimed at destroying the historical memory of people and replacing it with artificially constructed knowledge. Based on specific results obtained in the course of associative experiment, it becomes clear that the goal set in such texts is partially realized: the semantic content of the psychologically real meaning of the term USSR reveals social stereotypes constructed through MCT. Moreover, the level of importance of negative assessment of the USSR component has increased compared to 2018, although it is not dominant: the semantic content of the meaning of the term USSR in the perception of students is much broader, and the component with the opposite assessment is clearly distinguished – the best country in the world. In general, the number of components with negative and positive connotation in the structure of psychologically real meaning is approximately equal, which proves the unstable state of the system of knowledge of the Soviet period in the country's history as a part of a common cognitive base that unites generations and ensures the succession of culture.

KeywordsMCT, rewriting of history, construction, USSR, psychologically real meaning, knowledge system, cognitive base, unstable state
Received19.07.2021
Publication date21.09.2021
Number of characters25301
Cite  
100 rub.
When subscribing to an article or issue, the user can download PDF, evaluate the publication or contact the author. Need to register.

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 682

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Bernays E. (2010) Propaganda. Transl. from Eng. by I. Yushchenko. Moscow: Hippo Publishing. (In Russ.)

2. Bulavka L.A. (2008) "Russian soul" and "Soviet spirit" as two phenomena of Russian culture. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 7. Filosofiya [Moscow University bulletin. Ser. 7. Philosophy]. No 3: 66–71. (In Russ.)

3. Dridze T.M. (1984) Textual activity in the structure of social communication. Moscow: Nauka. (In Russ.)

4. Dridze T.M. (1996) Social communication as a text activity. Obshchestvennyye nauki i sovremennost' [Social Sciences and modernity]. No. 3: 145–152. (In Russ.)

5. Erikson E.G. (1996) Childhood and society. 2nd edition, revised and supplemented / Translated from English by A. A. Alekseev. St. Petersburg: Lenato, AST, Fond “Universitetskya kniga”. (In Russ.)

6. Fitzpatrick Sh. (2001) Everyday Stalinism. Social history of Soviet Russia in the 30s: gorod. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (In Russ.)

7. Gorshkov M.K., Petukhov V.V. (2018) The October Revolution of 1917 and its consequences in the perception of modern Russians. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 1: 6–18. (In Russ.)

8. Gudkov L.D. (2007) "The Soviet man" in the sociology of Yu. Levady. Obshchestvennyye nauki i sovremennost' [Social Sciences and modernity]. No. 6: 16–30. (In Russ.)

9. Lebina N.B. (2006) Encyclopedia of platitudes: Soviet everyday life: Contours, symbols, signs. St. Petersburg: Dmitry Bulanin. (In Russ.)

10. Leontiev A.A. (1971) Psychological structure of meaning. In: Semantic structure of the word. Moscow: Nauka: 6–28. (In Russ.)

11. Leontiev A.A. (2005) Psychology of communication. 3rd ed., Moscow: Smysl; Akademiya. (In Russ.)

12. Lippman W. (1966) Public Opinion. New York: HARCOURT, BRACE AND COMPANY.

13. Medushevsky A.N. (2010) Stalinism as a model of social construction. To the end of the scientific and publishing project. Rossiyskaya istoriya [Russian history]. No. 6: 189–196. (In Russ.)

14. Romanovsky N.V. (2015) The future as a problem of modern sociology. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 11: 13–22. (In Russ.)

15. Romanovsky N.V. (2018) Historical sociology in Russia: offspring and anxieties. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies]. No. 6: 79–90. (In Russ.)

Система Orphus

Loading...
Up