Unconditional Basic Income: Criterial Bases, Transitional Forms and Experimental Implementation

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Head of the Laboratory of Problems of Living Standards and Quality of Life; Professor
Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population of the FCTAS RAS
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Senior Researcher
Affiliation: Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population of the FCTAS RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: PhD student
Affiliation: Lobachevsky State University
Address: Russian Federation, Nizhny Novgorod
Occupation: Associate Professor of organizational and managerial innovations, Leading Research Worker
Affiliation: Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameSotsiologicheskie issledovaniya
EditionIssue 10

The article summarizes and systematizes the results of the implementation of the most significant pilot projects on unconditional basic income (UBI), supported by the state. The criteria for the correspondence of a cash transfer to the concept of the UBI are substantiated through a comparative analysis of different approaches to determining the essence of the UBI. The positive and negative consequences of using transitional UBI forms were revealed: “social dividends”, guaranteed minimum income, “negative income tax”, support for the most vulnerable groups of the population, cash payments during the pandemic period. It is concluded that the use of the UBI will contribute to the solution of a number of significant social problems of modern societies. The problematic and unstudied areas of testing transitional forms of UBI and the need to continue research and experimentation towards the realization of the universal nature of this social payment are indicated.

Keywordsunconditional basic income, transitional forms of UBI, negative income tax, guaranteed minimum income, social dividends, direct cash payments, support for the most vulnerable groups of the population, cash payments during pandemics
AcknowledgmentThe reported study was funded by RFBR, project number 20-010-00271 «Universal basic income as a regulator of improving the living standard and quality of life: theoretical and methodological justification, transitional forms and tools for testing in Russia».
Publication date18.12.2020
Number of characters34614
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