Verification of Reasons for Living Inventory in Russian Clinical Sample

 
PIIS020595920017745-5-1
DOI10.31857/S020595920017745-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Affiliation: Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation: Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation: Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation: Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation:
Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry
Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation:
Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry
Federal Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Affiliation:
Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry
Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University
Address: Russian Federation
Journal namePsikhologicheskii zhurnal
EditionVolume 43 Issue 1
Pages109-121
Abstract

According to the WHO, about 800,000 people die from suicide each year, and 79% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries. However, suicide is a potentially preventable outcome. It is very important for prevention programs to identify not only risk factors associated with suicide (socio-demographic data, clinical variables), but also resilience factors that act as protection against suicide attempts. One of the tools for assessing such factors is the “Reasons for Living Inventory” – 48 cognitive reasons (items) not to commit suicide should such thoughts arise. The aim of this study is to determine and verify the factor structure of the Inventory in Russian clinical sample. The study involved 504 patients with non-psychotic mental disorders aged 18 to 82 years (median age – 27 years, interquartile range – 21, 305 women, 199 men) who were hospitalized at the Moscow Research and Clinical Centre For Neuropsychiatry. The principal component analysis was used as a statistical method to identify relationships between variables. Results of factor analysis allowed us to reveal a 7-factor model of the Inventory, which explained 62.9% of the variance – this structure is almost completely consistent with the original 6-factor model, with the exception of the “fear of suicide” subscale, divided into two subscales - one directly related to the fear of suicide, and another, which could be called “fear of failures”. The importance of isolating the latter requires further evaluation. The study showed the consistency and reliability of the Russian-language version of the RFLI when used in people with non-psychotic mental disorders.

Keywordssuicide, protective factors, factor analysis, reasons for living inventory, non-psychotic mental disorders
AcknowledgmentThe authors are grateful to Raguzin Anton Sergeevich and Popova Sofya Bayarovna for their help!
Publication date01.03.2022
Number of characters23746
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