The Slave Trade in Africa as Part of International Crime

Publication type Article
Status Published
Occupation: Senior Research Fellow, Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 12

In today’s world, trafficking is defined as a gross violation of fundamental human rights. The universal Declaration of human rights prohibits the use of any form of slave labour. However, today the slave trade is no less common than the arms trade, drug trafficking and other types of shady business. This is due to the limited access of the population, primarily in poor countries, to education, social protection and other resources, low living standards, as well as gender segregation in the labour market. Gender discrimination and poverty are considered by experts to be factors that prevent women from receiving education, adequate employment and confidence and push them into the hands of traffickers. Trafficking in persons for the purpose of sexual exploitation, both on the African continent and beyond, has become widespread. The intricate cross-border supply chains of «live goods» rely on multiple subcontractors, which prevents law enforcement agencies from monitoring and suppressing criminal activity. Today the slave trade is the third most profitable criminal business in the world, second only to the arms and drugs trade. Combating trafficking is complicated by the inability to collect the most reliable statistics, as non-governmental organizations usually provide them without reference to their sources of awareness. In addition, various forms of illegal migration can be attributed to trafficking, when migrants themselves turn to intermediaries, conductors and sellers of information and enter into a deal with them on their own initiative.

KeywordsAfrica, slave trade, crimes, violence, human rights, trafficking, shady business
Publication date20.12.2018
Cite   Download pdf To download PDF you should sign in

Price publication: 0

Number of purchasers: 0, views: 2378

Readers community rating: votes 0

1. Rabstvo. Natsional'naya yuridicheskaya ehntsiklopediya. (Slavery. National legal encyclopedia) (In Russ.) - (accessed 20.09.2018)

2. Free the slaves: Face to face with slavery. Slavery facts - (accessed 10.10.2018)

3. Lin'kova O.M. Suschnost' sovremennogo rabstva // Crednerusskij vestnik obschestvennykh nauk. 2010. № 2. (Linykova O.M. 2010. The essence of modern slavery // Central Russian journal of social sciences. № 2. S. 62-67 (In Russ.)

4. Sovremennaya rabotorgovlya v faktakh. 07.11.2013. (The modern slave trade in facts. 07.11.2013) (In Russ.) - (accessed 18.06.2018)

5. Rabstvo v XXI veke: torgovlya lyud'mi kak pribyl'nyj biznes. 30.07.2017. (Slavery in the twenty-first century: human trafficking as a profitable business. 30.07.2017) (In Russ.) - (accessed 18.06.2018)

6. UNODC: The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment. 2010 - (accessed 18.06.2018)

7. Novyj doklad UNP OON: nablyudaetsya uvelichenie torgovli det'mi. Vena, 2014. (New UNODC report: there is an increase in child trafficking. Wien, 2014) (In Russ.)

8. Filatova K.N. Torgovlya lyud'mi kak sotsial'naya problema (lektsiya prakticheskogo psikhologa). 13.03.2013. (Filatova K.N. Trafficking in human beings as a social problem (lecture by a practical psychologist). 13.03.2013) (In Russ.) -*=iBXN4vFEguk68n0YGwtzB7F4HLJ7InVybCI6Imh0dHA6Ly (accessed 15.04.2018)

9. Skovannye odnoj tsep'yu: 10 stran, gde po-prezhnemu tsarit rabstvo // Sotsial'no-ehkonomicheskij portal EXRUS.EU. 27.10.2013. (Chained: 10 countries where slavery still reigns // Social and economic portal EXRUS.EU. 27.10.2013) (In Russ.) - (accessed 18.06.2018)

10. Torgovlya lyud'mi: lyudi na prodazhu. (Human trafficking: people for sale) (In Russ.) - (accessed 12.02.2018)

11. Global report on trafficking in persons. 2014 - (accessed 13.04.2018)

12. Trafficking in persons in conflict: forced labour, slavery and other similar practices. UN Security Council. Report 2017.

13. Global Slavery Index by Walk Free Foundation 2014 - (accessed 13.04.2018)

14. Migrants are being sold at open slave markets in Libya. International Business Times, 12.04.2017.

15. Sm. podrobnee: Grishina N.V. Afrikanskie al'binosy: problemy vyzhivaniya // Aziya i Afrika segodnya. 2016. № 7. S. 65-69. (Grishina N.V. 2016. African albinos: survival problems // Asia and Africa today. № 7) (In Russ.)

16. Global Slavery Index 2018 - (accessed 20.09.2018)

17. Polonskij I. Raby i rabovladel'tsy. Torgovlya lyud'mi v sovremennom mire // Voennoe obozrenie. 04.08.2015. (Polonsky I. Slaves and slave owners. Human trafficking in the modern world // Military review. 04.08.2015) (In Russ.) - (accessed 05.04.2018)

18. Human Trafficking and Modern-day Slavery. Niger - (accessed 13 June 2017)

19. Andersson H. Born to be a slave in Niger - correspondent/4250709.stm (accessed 27.04.2017)

20. DeRouen K.R., Heo U. Civil wars of the world: major conflicts since World War II. 1. Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2007. 865 p.

21. United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. 64/293. 12 August 2010.

22. Rezolyutsiya 29 S/40 General'noj konferentsii YuNESKO. Parizh, 1997. (Resolution 29 C/40 of the UNESCO General conference. Paris, 1997) (In Russ.)

23. «Preobrazovanie nashego mira. Povestka dnya v oblasti ustojchivogo razvitiya na period do 2030 goda». Rezolyutsiya, prinyataya General'noj Assambleej OON 21 sentyabrya 2015 goda, 70-ya sessiya. Zheneva, 2015. (Transformation of our world. The agenda for sustainable development for the period till 2030. Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on 21 September 2015, 70th session. Geneva, 2015) (In Russ.)

24. Doklad o torgovle lyud'mi 2015 goda. (Human trafficking report 2015) (In Russ.) - (accessed 07.04.2018)

Система Orphus