The Arab world against corruption

 
PIIS032150750015021-5-1
DOI10.31857/S032150750015021-5
Publication type Article
Status Published
Authors
Occupation: Leading Research Fellow, Institute of Oriental Studies. Russian Academy of Sciences
Affiliation: Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Occupation: Lecturer
Affiliation: Moscow Information Technology University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Journal nameAsia and Africa Today
EditionIssue 5
Pages5-13
Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of an actual topic that is currently acquiring special significance for the Arab East. The region is not homogeneous, and each of its constituent countries follows its own circumstances, which are colored by national specifics, but at the same time it also faces general problems. One of them is corruption, which is deeply rooted in the life of the Arab societies and manifests itself in different forms and ways, but causes equal damage to the economic health of the nation and the political image of the government.

The objects of study are also issues related to the organization of counteraction to corruption operations by the world community and the Arab states, quantitative and qualitative indicators have also been assessed that make it possible to judge of the effectiveness of the measures taken. The situation relating to the state of legislative support for anti-corruption activities was investigated and the tools that the Arab countries propose to use against corruption practices were considered. Also, the possibilities and limits of public participation in the processes associated with minimizing the volume of corruption "services" and limiting the scope of their circulation were identified.

The study of the set of issues and problems of illegal economic activity in the Arab world leads to understanding of the fact that narrowing the field of corruption is a serious deal, at least at organizational and technical level, and has prospects only when being switched to digital technologies for monitoring the turnover of financial resources.

KeywordsArab East, corruption, public sector, business, state, society, сonvention, institutes
Received03.03.2021
Publication date28.05.2021
Number of characters34325
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1. Touq Muhiedeen, Al-Nouaidy Abdelaziz. Political, Economic and Social Contexts. EU, 2016, p. 7.

2. Alija Abdalhadi. Arab Barometer. Qantara de. Why are most arabs so prepared to trust the military. https://www.arabbarometer.org/media-news/why-are-most-arabs-so-prepared-to-trust-the-military?page=0%2C1 (accessed 20.11.2020)

3. Брандолино Дж., Луна Д. Противодействие коррупции с помощью международных договоров и обязательств. Действующие международные соглашения и инициативы. Журнальный клуб Интелрос (eJournal USA). 2006, № 12. http://www.intelros.ru/readroom/ejournal-usa/tom-11-vipusk-12-2006/8428-protivodejstvie-korrupcii-s-pomoshyu-mezhdunarodnyh-dogovorov-i-obyazatelstv.html (accessed 27.11.2020)

4. John Brandolino, David Luna. Combating corruption through international treaties and obligations. Existing international agreements and initiatives. Intelros. eJournal USA. № 12 (In Russ.). http://www.intelros.ru/readroom/ejournal-usa/tom-11-vipusk-12-2006/8428-protivodejstvie-korrupcii-s-pomoshyu-mezhdunarodnyh-dogovorov-i-obyazatelstv.html (accessed 27.11.2020)

5. Подробнее см.: Basel Institute on Governance. Anti Corruption and Integrity in the Arab Countries-Phase II. Year 2014. 07.05.2020. https://baselgovernance.org/b20-collective-action-hub/initiatives-database/anti-corruption-and-integrity-arab-countries-phase (accessed 17.11.2020): Basel Institute on Governance. Anti Corruption and Integrity in the Arab Countries (ACIAC). 13.05.2020. https://baselgovernance.org/b20-collective-action-hub/initiatives-database/anti-corruption-and-integrity-arab-countries-aciac (accessed 17.11.2020); Regional Non Arab-European Anti-Fraud Office. Regional Project on Anti-Corruption and Integrity in the Arab Countries (ACIAC) Anti-Corruption: Stakeholders. https://www.pogar.org/resources/ac/stakeholders_sh_3.html (accessed 18.3.2021)

6. Regional Project on Anti-Corruption and Integrity in the Arab Countries. Anti-Corruption: Legal Compendium. https://www.undp-aciac.org/resources/ac/legal.aspx?lc=8 (accessed 09.03.2020)

7. POGAR Anti-Corruption. Latest Activities. Transperency and Accountability: Anti-Corruption. https://pogar.org/governance/anticorruption.html (accessed 09.02.2021)

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